International migration is an important multidimensional reality of major relevance for sustainable development to countries of origin, transit and destination. In 2019, there were about 65 million immigrants residing in Asia and the Pacific, 71 per cent of whom were from other countries within the region, and over 106 million emigrants from the region. Women make up 51 per cent of immigrants but only 46 per cent of emigrants (ESCAP, 2019). Regional migration movements include a large percentage of people in search of better jobs and livelihoods. In addition, migration in the region is driven by a range of political, social and environmental factors, facilitated by networks and increasing levels of connectivity.
Through work, consumption, and taxes, migrants make significant contributions to sustainable development in developing countries of destination, and they build bridges between countries of origin and destination. In 2019, migrant workers sent over $327 billion in remittances to Asian and Pacific countries, over ten times the amount received as official development assistance in that year (World Bank, 2019). Migration can also be empowering for migrants themselves, enabling them to learn new skills and broadening their horizons. Yet at the same time, many migrants in the region are faced with abuse, violence and exploitation throughout their migration experience which can have devastating impacts on individuals and community and also limit their ability to contribute to sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific region.
In this context, and pursuant to General Assembly resolutions 73/195 and 73/326, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the Regional United Nations Network on Migration for Asia and the Pacific of which ESCAP is a member, are organizing the Asia-Pacific Regional Review of Implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. The meeting will be held from 18 to 20 November 2020 in Bangkok, Thailand, at the United Nations Conference Center, subject to prevailing circumstances.
Leading up to the Asia-Pacific Regional Review of Implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and regular Migration, ESCAP and the United Nations Regional Network on Migration for Asia and the Pacific are briefing the Advisory Committee of Permanent Representatives and other Representatives Designated by Members of the Commission (ACPR) on a regular basis.
The following PowerPoint is available:
26 June 2020
 ESCAP, 2019: ESCAP Population Data Sheet 2019.
 World Bank, 2019: World Bank staff calculations based on data from IMF Balance of Payment Statistics database and data releases from central banks, national statistical agencies, and World Bank country desks. See Migration and Development Brief 28, Appendix A for details. October 2019 update.