Achievement of SDG7 targets requires an integrated system approach by considering the synergies between its constituent elements - increasing access to modern energy services, improving energy efficiency, reducing emissions from the energy sector and increasing the share of renewable energy.
Constraints, such as resources availability and the emission reduction targets under Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), need to be considered. A national SDG7 implementation roadmap that aligns with the existing national energy plan and strategy, as well as provides guidance for policymakers on what is required to achieve SDG7 and NDC targets is critical to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement.
The Ministerial Declaration of the 2nd Asian Pacific Energy Forum 2018 mandates the Secretariat to assist ESCAP member States in developing national SDG7 roadmaps. To this end, ESCAP has developed the National Expert SDG Tool for Energy Planning (NEXSTEP) to support the development of national SDG7 roadmaps. Since 2020, ESCAP has been supporting countries in the Asia-Pacific region to build their capacity in developing SDG7 roadmaps. The NEXSTEP tool is also being used to develop sub-national roadmaps to facilitate the sustainable energy transition at the city and provincial levels.
The three key steps of the methodology are:
- Energy and emissions modelling will help estimate the share of different energy resources, and identify the technological interventions needed to achieve those shares.
- Economic analysis to identify the economically feasible options/interventions.
- Policy analysis to determine/identify the policies that are feasible for implementation in the national context.
The methodology has been peer reviewed by a panel of external experts.