ESCAP is also supporting the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy in its “Energy for ALL” programme, by furthering the NEXSTEP initiative to three Thailand provinces. This Sustainable Energy Transition (SET) road map, developed for the province of Udon Thani, identifies the technological options and policy measures that will help the province navigate the transition of its energy sector in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, national targets and commitment towards the Paris Agreement.
This SET road map has two main objectives. First, it aims to establish a scenario baseline for 2019-2030, by considering the current policy settings. Second, it identifies the measures and technological options that could raise Udon Thani’s efforts to align with the SDG 7 targets, national targets as well as achieving deep decarbonisation of its energy system. The three scenarios that are presented in detail in this road map are:
• The current policy scenario (CPS), which has been developed based on existing policies and plans, and used to identify the gaps in existing initiatives in aligning with the SDG 7 targets and national targets as well as the commitment towards the Paris Agreement;
• The sustainable energy transition (SET) scenario, which presents technological options and policy measures that will help the city to align its development with the SDG 7 targets and national targets;
• The Towards Net Zero (TNZ) scenario, the most ambitious scenario, which looks at a pathway of moving towards a net zero society in the near future, through decarbonising the electricity supply, fuel substitution and more ambitious electrification.
An additional scenario – business as usual (BAU) – has also been modelled to provide a BAU baseline where no enabling policies/initiatives are implemented, or the existing policies/initiatives are failing to achieve their intended outcomes.