The Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), as the national statistics authority in Nepal, plays a vital role in the production and communication of development data. The CBS is given this legal mandate by virtue of the Statistics Act 2015 (1959), while other data producers are given the responsibility to collect data related to their respective functions through other laws, e.g., the Nepal Rastra Bank Act 2058 (2002), and the Local Governance Act 2074 (2018). Quality official statistics are inputs to the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, programs, activities and projects meant to address development priorities. Nepal articulates its aspirations in its national development plan, the most recent of which is the 15th Plan (2019/20-2023/24), which is aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Nepal, together with 192 other UN member states, committed to attaining the SDGs by 2030. Building on its predecessor agenda, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the SDGs put forth a wider coverage of 17 goals, 169 targets and 231 (unique) indicators to be monitored across five key themes: People, Prosperity, Planet, Peace, and Partnership. Nepal has come up with two Voluntary National Reviews in 2017 and 2022 to report on progress in attaining the SDGs, but data gaps persist. To monitor Nepal’s 15th Plan and the country’s progress in the SDGs, development data need to be of high quality, accessible, timely, reliable. Further, they should be disaggregated by income, sex, age, race, ethnicity, migration status, disability, geographic location, and other characteristics relevant in national. Persisting data gaps, especially on the lack of availability of high-quality disaggregated data, will make the monitoring of SDG progress ineffective.
Official statistics are typically sourced from sample surveys, censuses, and administrative sources. Data integration i.e., combining data from two or more data sources to produce a single enlarged and/or higher quality dataset, can be undertaken to yield added value for data users, especially policymakers, with statistics generated from this enlarged and/or higher quality dataset.
The Inception workshop is intended to:
- help country stakeholders understand, align and plan the tasks and expected result/output in a data integration project.
- validate data gaps preliminarily identified (by the team of consultants) for monitoring national development plans and priorities, including the 15th Plan and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), that can be addressed through data integration (of at least two data sources from either traditional data sources, such as censuses, surveys, administrative data sources; or novel innovative data sources. such as satellite imagery).
- define elements needed for the data integration project based on country priorities, as well as available and accessible data sources