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This publication examines the extent to which pricing of transport infrastructure and services can be utilized as an instrument for the efficient use of energy, materials and resources for sustainable development. Microeconomic theories and sustainable tr

Chapter 1 clarifies the main issues involved in devising pricing systems to promote sustainable development. Chapter 2 defines optimal pricing policies and addresses the range of complexities that arise due to the nature of the cost structure and market distortions found in the industry. Chapter 3 examines urban transport policy and the role of pricing and financing in promoting sustainable development and an appropriate allocation of resources for public transport. Chapter 4 examines the competitive context of railways and the scope for private sector participation in the provision of both infrastructure and rail services. It also includes an analysis of the problems of allocating track costs and calculating access charges to train operators; and identifies methods of charging passengers and freight users for rail services. Chapter 5 examines pricing and charging methods for infrastructure and services in other sectors, including ports, inland waterways and maritime transport, airports and air transport.

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