Enacting and enforcing legislation on key risk factors of road safety is essential to prevent road traffic injuries and deaths. Key risk factors include speeding, drink-driving, use of motorcycle helmets, use of seatbelts. They all have great impacts on the severity of the consequences of a road crash. Although, most of the countries in the Asia-Pacific region enacted legislation on key risk factors of road safety, enforcement is still a challenge.
The infographic shows the status of law enforcement on four key risk factors in the Asia-Pacific region. The data source was the Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018 published by the World Health Organization in 2018 containing data for 2016.
- Speed is a key risk factor in road traffic crashes. A vehicle that travels at high speed will increase the risk of crashes and the severity of injures. Vulnerable road users such as pedestrians, cyclists, moped riders, and motorcyclists are particularly at high risk of severe or fatal injury when motor vehicles collide with them because of their lack of protection. Manual speed enforcement remained the dominant method of enforcement in more than half of all countries in 2016. Only 18 percent of the member countries deployed automated enforcement..
- The risk of involving in crash increases as blood alcohol concentration (BAC) increases. The amount of alcohol within the bloodstream is described in terms of BAC. The BAC limit not exceeding 0.05g/dl is recommended for the general population. Eighty-two percent of the member countries carried out random breath testing in 2016.
- The road crash deaths of riders of motorized two- and three-wheelers are higher than other vulnerable road users, representing 29 percent and 39 percent of all deaths globally and regionally. Most of the countries reported applying motorcycle helmet law to all riders, both drivers and passengers in 2016. However, the enforcement level varied among countries.
- Wearing a seatbelt reduces the risk of death among drivers and front-seat occupants by 45 percent-50 percent. In 2016, 80 percent of countries in the Asia-Pacific region had laws on seatbelts applied to drivers. The proportion of countries that reported applying seat-belt law to front-seat passengers was 75 percent in 2018.