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The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development makes a call to “leave no one behind” and to “endeavour to reach the furthest behind first” on the path towards sustainable development. A critical first step towards that direction is to identify population sub-groups that have limited access to opportunities and achieve worse outcomes in various domains, such as education, health, nutrition and basic infrastructure. Knowing who is being left behind can inform policy and guide the adoption of tailored response strategies. This document presents a methodology to examine inequality and identify the furthest behind in five selected indicators that are related to the Sustainable Development Goals in 23 FEALAC member countries: 8 countries in Asia and the Pacific, and 15 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The document was produced jointly by staff in the Social Development Division of ESCAP and the Social Division of ECLAC, as part of the FEALAC-funded project entitled: “Reducing inequality in FEALAC Member Countries – innovative policymaking that leaves no one behind”.

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