This is a study of how the Maldives National Statistical System (NSS) was reviewed as part of the Regional Programme on Economic Statistics in Asia and the Pacific run by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) supported by Department for International Development (DFID). This study was developed by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) of the Maldives and ESCAP. It documents the context and process followed to support other countries thinking of conducting a national review. Such reviews are a valuable way to engage stakeholders and develop evidence-based inputs to strategic planning processes and regular monitoring. This study is one of the five studies of successful projects that aims to advance statistics and is prepared for other countries who may wish to replicate the project for the review of their existing NSS.