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Policy Perspectives 2019: Sustainable Energy in Asia and the Pacific provides a snapshot of the energy policy highlights of the ESCAP regional member states. The country profiles deliver an overview of the national energy policy framework along with the energy-related emissions reduction and climate change policies, which together aim to facilitate the energy transition to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7).

The country profiles are divided into two sections: the policy context and enabling policies.

The policy context section outlines the current policy and regulatory framework of the energy sector in the ESCAP regional member states. This section also includes key findings on climate change and energy-related emission reduction policies and is largely based on the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which are reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The enabling policies section provides specific information on national legislation and policies relevant to the three focus areas within the SDG7, i.e. Energy Access (primarily, electrification but also clean cooking), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. In addition, the case studies provide a quick glimpse on a selection of high-profile projects, national programmes and government initiatives in the energy sector to support relevant policies in different countries.

Policy documents indicated in the country profiles are linked to the policy database of the ESCAP Asia Pacific Energy Portal (, which allows access to official documents, also downloadable in a PDF format. The country profiles draw on official policy documents, statistics available through the ESCAP Asia Pacific Energy Portal and other international sources. The publication serve as a tool to assess the current status of selected indicators and policy developments in the area of sustainable energy.

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