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With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 193 United Nations Member States pledged to ensure "no one will be left behind" and to "endeavour to reach the furthest behind first". This paper proposes a methodology that governments and stakeholders can use in their countries to operationalize the LNOB pledge in a way that enables and accelerate national progress to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Using data from nationally representative household surveys, the methodology identifies households and individuals furthest behind in having access to basic opportunities in the Asia-Pacific region. It also offers a practical way of measuring inequality of opportunity using the Dissimilarity Index (D-index), which allows a comparison of inequality levels among countries, as well as decomposition of the observed inequality into those circumstances that contribute mostly to it.

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