Guidelines for solid waste management assessment (baseline survey) in secondary cities and small towns in Asia and the Pacific

Guidelines for solid waste management assessment (baseline survey) in secondary cities and small towns in Asia and the Pacific

Date: 
Thursday, April 1, 2010
Abstract

As the economies and urban populations of Asia-Pacific continue to grow, the need for more sustainable waste management has become urgent. Poor waste management can lead to increased environmental pollution, the spread of vermin, public health risks and decreased attractiveness in urban areas.

However, determining an appropriate waste management strategy can be a complicated and challenging endeavor for municipal governments. When making decisions and designing waste management strategies, governments must consider multiple components, such as the quantity and composition of waste produced in the urban area, the waste management and recycling systems present, local needs and willingness to pay for improved services, as well as the broader policy, institutional and cultural contexts. For this, a solid waste management assessment (baseline survey) of local conditions can generate critical information and data to support appropriate decision making.

Based on experience undertaking and facilitating these assessments in a range of towns and cities across Asia-Pacific, ESCAP and Waste Concern have developed a set of guidelines to assess municipal solid waste and solid waste management conditions. These guidelines can support policy makers, practitioners and communities to better analyze and understand their local conditions. Solid waste management assessments can be carried out at the neighborhood or ward level, or for the entire town or city.

These guidelines are organized into key sections, as outlined below:
1. Waste generation and composition
2. Waste management and recycling systems (formal and informal)
3. Institutional capacity and ongoing initiatives
4. Community needs
5. Recycling options
6. Market for outputs

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