The Development Paper Series of the ESCAP South and South-West Asia Office (ESCAP-SSWA) promotes and disseminates policy-relevant research on the development challenges facing South and South-West Asia. It features policy research conducted by ESCAP SSWA as well as by outside experts from within the region and beyond.
Access to energy is crucial for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. The paper highlights the absence of lifeline energy infrastructure and access as a dimension of economic deprivation that exacerbates social vulnerabilities and inequalities. The study concludes that the pathway to energy security in South and South-West Asia lies in improving utilization and equal distribution of energy resources including renewable energy resources; the upgrading and increased investment in energy infrastructure, improving energy access and delivery to populations; and the creation of subregional energy markets and shared technical and quality standards. The report then
proposes a number of key actions that countries in South and South-West Asia can take immediately that will foster greater cooperation and realize immediate benefits in energy security.