This working paper presents the results of a desktop review. It provides an overview of the current state of TVET in the Asia-Pacific region. In it we describe the characteristics that make up national systems of technical and vocational education and training (NSTVET). This includes its policy and funding mechanisms, its responsiveness to the needs of stakeholders and its inclusiveness or otherwise in diverse societies.
We also highlight what appear to be the good practice indicators that sit behind well-functioning systems. However, in doing so, we provide the caution that one size does not fit all societies or economies. Every system must use a robust policy review process to meet its own specific TVET needs. This said, NSTVET must not only look inwards but also outwards. They must be easily understood by other jurisdictions and have clear processes that allow articulation of learners’ achievement.
This paper includes a number of assumptions and limitations. It has been assumed that the data we obtained is up to date. However this data has not been verified by in-country personnel. This is also not a full review of every country’s NSTVET in the Asia-Pacific region. The goal instead is to provide country specific examples, to give a flavor of particular types of practice within NSTVET.