The Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2017 highlights the importance of physical infrastructure to the development of the Asia-Pacific least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, collectively referred to as countries with special needs.
For that purpose, it introduces the ESCAP Access to Physical Infrastructure Index to capture the multidimensional character of infrastructure. This index, which is computed for 41 countries in the Asia-Pacific region, of which 23 are countries with special needs, demonstrates that the overall state of physical infrastructure is poor, particularly in the least developed countries and small island developing States. Indeed, significant gaps remain in physical infrastructure in countries with special needs relative to other developing and developed countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
The report also estimates the investment requirements to close existing infrastructure gaps. As these far exceed existing resources in the countries with special needs, the report identifies potential financing sources and instruments that are available. In doing so, the report highlights priority sectors and financial instruments that the different country groups of the countries with special needs should utilize in order to close infrastructure deficits.