Considering the global trend in decarbonization, the Thai government has proposed a plan to promote Thailand as a global production and supplier hub for electric vehicles and automotive parts, as well as setting a goal to reach a 100% market share of new Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) by 2035. In addition, at the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26), the Thai government announced that Thailand aims to reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 with international support and to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. Moreover, Thailand has an ambition to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emission by 2065.
The National EV Policy Committee has announced a target of 30% and 50% share for local BEV production and BEV domestic sales, respectively. This goal will be aided by various measures, such as demand incentives, tax support schemes, and ZEV industry and battery production support. The Ministry of Transport (MOT) is currently drafting the EV Development Plan (2022 – 2037), which is a roadmap to transition public transport to electric vehicles, including various modes of transport such as road, water, and rail. In this draft, the Ministry of Transport plans to deploy 4,412 electric buses to reach a total energy reduction of 492 ktoe and a total GHG reduction of 0.915 MtCO2eq by 2030.
ESCAP in collaboration with the Mobility and Vehicle Technology Research Center (MOVE) at King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT) compiled and collected data on EV policies and public bus operations and conducted a study on the environmental impact of transitioning to electric buses in Thailand. This study supports the Asia-Pacific Initiative on Electric Mobility of the Transport Division, UN ESCAP, to promote the acceleration of the transition to electric mobility in public transport and support reduction of GHG emissions and the implementation of the Paris Agreement.