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The populations of countries in the Asia-Pacific region are ageing at an unprecedented pace. There are variations across countries, yet all are moving in the direction of increasing absolute numbers and proportions of older persons. Population ageing is driven by declining fertility and mortality, coupled with increased longevity, or the demographic transition. Overall, it is the result of successful economic and social development, and as such, rising life expectancy should be celebrated as one of humanity’s major achievements. While the region is still demographically diverse and the pace and onset of the demographic transition varies, sooner or later, all countries will experience population ageing. These changes are affecting the future of work, as the number of people in the workforce eventually declines and the number of older persons increases. Individuals may work longer, continuing to contribute to society. Moreover, the future of work will be affected by climate change, future health crises/pandemics, and the technological advancements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. All of these changes are expected to particularly affect older persons, while requiring investments in skills development, decent work for all and age-friendly work environments. To prepare for these changes, solutions should be sought to continue, and build upon, the successes of economic and social development seen over the past decades. This paper concludes with a number of recommendations to ensure that older persons have opportunities for decent work in old age. The main recommendations refer to the creation of decent and sustainable work for all, regardless of age; the elimination of mandatory retirement ages; the introduction of flexible work arrangements and age-friendly workplaces; incentives for employers to rehire and retain older workers; reskilling and retraining of older workers, in particular with a view to digital literacy; and support to women over the life course, to invest in education and work, so that they have an opportunity to seek work outside the home, if they want.