Energy security is generally recognized as a common goal and an important prerequisite for development. It is also a concept that varies across countries, taking into account different economic, environmental and social aspects. Understanding the need for regional cooperation and the opportunities that arise, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) convened the Asian and Pacific Energy Forum (APEF 2013) in the wider context of sustainable development.
ESCAP Resolution 67/2 on "Promoting regional cooperation for enhanced energy security and the sustainable use of energy in Asia and the Pacific" called for APEF 2013
- to discuss the progress achieved in the region in addressing energy security challenges at the regional, national and household levels, and
- to facilitate continuous dialogue among member States with a view to enhancing energy security and working towards sustainable development.
APEF 2013 was the first ministerial conference of its kind to bring together more than 50 member states from the Asia-Pacific region on energy. To prepare, an extensive preparatory process took place since mid-2012, building up to the main event in May.
The Russian Federation hosted APEF in Vladivostok from 27 to 30 May 2013. There were a Senior Officials Meeting and a Ministerial Session, along with side events.
Participants included representatives from ESCAP member states and associate members, representatives from the UN-Energy Asia-Pacific network, research institutes and regional organizations, as well as members of civil society and the private sector.