Module 4 - Financing of PPP Projects

What is project financing?

PPPs in infrastructure are normally financed on project basis (as opposed to corporate financing). This refers to financing in which lenders look to the cash flows of an investment for repayment, without recourse to either equity sponsors or the public sector to make up any shortfall.

This arrangement has several advantages:

  • reduces/isolates the financial risk of investors;
  • more careful project scrutiny, risk analysis leading to change in project structure, reduction in level of risk and more appropriate allocation of risks between parties.

However, project financing also has many disadvantages which include:

  • more complex transactions than corporate or public financing;
  • higher transaction costs (the due diligence process conducted by parties results in higher development costs, which could be up to 5-10 per cent of project value);
  • protracted negotiation between parties;
  • requirement of close monitoring and regulatory oversight (particularly for the potential expostulate guarantees).
IDevice Icon Objectives of Module 4
Upon completion of this module which explains the bare basics of financing PPP projects, you should have a good understanding of:
  • the key elements of financing of PPPs
  • commonly used terms, and
  • major financial considerations related to PPPs


Copyright © 2008 by Transport Policy and Development Section, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).