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Social Development Policy Paper on "Older Women and Men as Providers and Recipients of Unpaid Care Work in the Asia-Pacific Region"

Submitted by SCHANCHA1 on Mon, 04/01/2021 - 04:37
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Using the National Time Transfer Accounts (NTTA) methodology, the paper analyses time spent by women and men of different age groups in six countries of the Asia-Pacific region on market work and unpaid care work. The analysis concludes that there are common trends across all countries, which include: (a) older persons are net producers of care, which means they produce more unpaid care work than they consume, (b) older women provide much of the care consumed by older persons, and (c) women of all ages produce the majority of unpaid care work. The paper further provides a policy agenda to recognize and value unpaid care work and provides policy examples from the Asia-Pacific region and other countries in the world. This includes increasing access to paid care; creating incentives to men to provide unpaid care; and social protection to unpaid care workers.

To access full version of Social Development Policy Paper on "Older Women and Men as Providers and Recipients of Unpaid Care Work in the Asia-Pacific Region", please visit here.

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Identifying left behind groups: analytical tools for an effective response to COVID-19

Submitted by SCHANCHA1 on Mon, 04/01/2021 - 04:05
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Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, which accentuates inequalities, uncovering those left behind becomes an ever-pressing priority. ESCAP offers a methodological tool that estimates the furthest behind (supporting STEP 1 in the LNOB draft operational guide for UNCTs). Using the classification and regression tree (CART) methodology, it is possible to identify the shared circumstances of population groups with the lowest access levels to 16 basic services or opportunities, e.g. access to health care, educational attainment, nutrition, access to clean energy, access to basic water and sanitation. The same approach can also be used for barriers, such as child marriage, teenage pregnancy and violence against women. The indicators for opportunities and barriers are mostly in line with the SDG indicator framework and draw information from available DHS and MICS (see here a background working paper and methodological brief). A database of classification trees is available for exploring the trees from the ESCAP and ECLAC regions.

ESCAP has so far supported several governments and United Nation Country Teams and Resident Coordinators Offices in the Asia-Pacific region (see an example of the analysis provided to NepalKyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan). The methodology has also been used for drafting and updating Common Country Assessments (CCAs), planning joint programming and United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Frameworks (UNSDCFs), supporting governments and national statistical offices in their Voluntary National Review (VNR) process, and, more recently, in establishing a baseline of the most vulnerable groups in the face of COVID-19.

 If you are interested in receiving this support in your country, please email us here: [email protected]

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Myanmar becomes party to the Intergovernmental Agreement on Trans-Asian Railway Network

Submitted by CMANSHOV on Sat, 02/01/2021 - 19:43
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Myanmar deposited instrument of accession on 15 September 2020 to become party to the Intergovernmental Agreement on Trans-Asian Railway Network and has now become party to the agreement on 14 December 2020 (herein after referred to as the Agreement)

Myanmar has acceded to the Agreement at the time when it has been taking measures to expand the capacity of its railway network by (a) upgrading projects of main railway corridors that are part of Singapore Kunming Railway Link, (b) developing railway links with its neighbors China, India and Thailand and (c) exerting efforts to rehabilitate it railway network including modernization of its railway infrastructure. These initiatives of Myanmar need to be supported by its development partners including ESCAP to enhance sustainability of transport networks in Myanmar.

The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Trans-Asian Railway Network was negotiated by the ESCAP member states and adopted by the Commission at its 62nd session in April 2006. The Agreement was opened for signature on 10 November 2006 in Busan, Republic of Korea and entered into force on 11 June 2009.

The Agreement provides for a coordinated plan for the development of railway lines of international importance to develop a regional network to meet the increasing needs inter and intra-regional trade and people to people connectivity. The Agreement promotes and supports international railway transport in the region and is a key pillar for regional cooperation and integration.

The Agreement has entered into force for Myanmar on 14 December 2020. (Article 5 (2) of the Agreement). With entry into force of the Agreement for Myanmar, there would be 21 Parties to the Agreement. Earlier in September 2019, Turkey became party to the Agreement.

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Accession/Ratification Accelerator Programme for the Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific

Submitted by CMANSHOV on Wed, 30/12/2020 - 15:49
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As of December 2020, five ESCAP member States completed their domestic procedures for accession/ratification and became parties to the Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-Border Paperless in Asia and the Pacific.  The Framework Agreement is set to enter into force on 20 February 2021. To maximize benefits and ensure inclusive implementation of this UN treaty, it is important that as many countries as possible can be parties to it and participate in the process of actual implementation upon its entry into force.

In that context, the ESCAP secretariat has launched an Accession/Ratification Accelerator Programme in August 2020 and has further extended it until June 2021. As part of the Programme, the following technical assistance and advisory services may be provided to developing country member States:

  • Translation of the treaty text and other related support materials into domestic language (if required in the process of domestic ratification/accession process).
  • Provision of a local/national expert to accelerate domestic accession/ratification process, including for:
    1. Preparation of documents in local language for interagency consultations and government approval of ratification/accession
    2. Organizing inter-agency consultations, including logistical arrangement.
    3. Other administrative support needed by the focal ministry/agency in completing domestic ratification/accession procedure.
  • Development of tailor-made notes/briefs on benefits and implications from becoming a Party to the Framework Agreement.
  • Support to the organization of national interagency consultations, including by providing regional expert(s)/ ESCAP secretariat to deliver briefing and answers questions raised during consultations.

The assistance and advisory services are made available upon request, on a first-come first-served basis. For more information, please write to Mr. Yann Duval, Chief, Trade Policy and Facilitation Section, United Nations ESCAP at [email protected], specifying type of support activities requested.

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Celebrating Ten Years of the Regional Programme for Economic Statistics

Submitted by CMANSHOV on Thu, 24/12/2020 - 13:15
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Statistics Division
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The Regional Programme for Economic Statistics (RPES) reached its ten-year milestone in 2020.  To highlight the impact of the United Kingdom-Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office funded programme, the ESCAP Statistics Division prepared a celebratory video highlighting the achievements within countries, and regionally. The video summarizes the various aspects of the programme with each country telling their story and how they are linked together across the region physically and virtually through open forums and conferences. It shows how working together ultimately resulted to the production of quality data that the world can trust.”

Celebrating Ten Years of the Regional Programe for Economic Statistics
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Sustainable Urban Transport Index (SUTI)

Submitted by CMANSHOV on Wed, 16/12/2020 - 20:10
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ESCAP has developed the Sustainable Urban Transport Index (SUTI), an Excel based tool that can help summarize, track and compare the performance of sustainable urban transport systems in cities. SUTI is a framework of indicators to assess urban transport systems and services. The index is based on ten indicators representing, transport system, social, economic, and environmental dimensions of sustainable urban transport. The indicators and SUTI can reflect state of urban transport performance in a city. The carefully selected ten SUTI indicators covers elements of planning, access, safety, quality and reliability, affordability, and emissions. Indicators on different scales are normalized and performance of each indicators is compared on a scale of 1-100 and illustrated in a spider diagram. SUTI is derived by geometric aggregation of ten indicators, based on equal weighting. SUTI tool can help cities to assess the achievement of the SDG target 11.2 and support implementation of the New Urban Agenda.

A data collection guideline and Excel SUTI data sheet are available for guidance for data collection and analysis. Pilot application of SUTI was completed in four Asian cities: Colombo; Greater Jakarta; Hanoi; and Kathmandu. A capacity building workshop was held in Colombo in October 2017 to share the results of pilot application. ESCAP is currently supporting SUTI application in Dhaka, Ho Chi Minh City, Surabaya and Bandung.

ESCAP would like to encourage cities and developing member countries to use SUTI for assessment of urban transport systems and use results to plan and implement measures to improve urban transport systems and services. ESCAP is also looking for collaborating partners to support collection of urban transport data and application of SUTI in more cities.
Interested cities and countries wiling to use SUTI tool for assessment of urban transport systems and host capacity building workshop on improvement of urban public transport systems in may contact the Transport Division.

Progress Update

12 January 2021

The secretariat continued to promote evidence-based planning for urban public transport using the Sustainable Urban Transport Index (SUTI) through advisory services, consultation meetings, organization of regional capacity building workshops and virtual workshops. To date, the secretariat had conducted SUTI mobility assessments in 20 cities in 12 Asia-Pacific countries. The secretariat also further updated SUTI tool to refine the indicators on safety (indicator 5) and operational cost (indicator 7) and data collection guideline to include assessment of gender dimension, renewable energy use in public transport and a component on the impacts of COVID-19 on mobility.

For further information:
◾ SUTI Colombo Workshop 2017
◾ SUTI Dhaka Workshop 2018
◾ SUTI Hanoi Workshop 2019
◾ Virtual Regional Workshop on Urban Mobility, 2020
◾ Virtual Workshop on Urban Mobility in Yangon, 2020

 

Publications on Sustainable Urban Transport Index (SUTI)
◾ Monograph Series on Sustainable and Inclusive Transport - Assessment of Urban Transport System
◾ SUTI data Collection Guideline, 2019
◾ SUTI Data Analysis Excel Tool (2018)
◾ SUTI Brochure
◾ Data Collection Guideline on SUTI Assessment and Impacts of COVID-19 on Mobility, 2020

SUTI Mobility Assessment Reports
◾ Bangdung
◾ Bhopal
◾ Colombo
◾ Dhaka
◾ Greater Jakarta
◾ Hanoi
◾ Ho Chi Minh
◾ Jaipur
◾ Kathmandu
◾ Khulna
◾ Surabaya
◾ Surat
◾ Tehran
◾ Thimphu
◾ Yangon

 

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Pacific Climate Change Migration and Human Security (PCCM-HS)

Submitted by CMANSHOV on Wed, 16/12/2020 - 14:42
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Government Officials from around the Pacific region started a series of virtual policy discussions this week (16/09) that will examine how climate change and disasters will affect mobility trends in the Pacific Islands.

The regional policy dialogue is facilitated by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), as part of the joint-UN agency programme on Pacific Climate Change Migration and Human Security (PCCMHS) programme.

The programme is implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) as the lead agency, ESCAP, International Labour Organization (ILO), the Office for the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) and Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS).

The programme is funded by the UN Trust Fund for Human Security and the New Zealand Aid Programme.

Though Pacific countries are among the smallest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions, the region is highly exposed to its harshest impacts. Pacific communities are affected by a range of sudden-onset and slow-onset hazards that are either made more intense, accelerated by, or caused by climate change. This contributes to voluntary migration flows but at the same time, could increase displacement both internally and across borders. In order to adapt to the impacts of climate change, some governments are already supporting the movement of climate change-affected communities.

Over the next three months, Pacific Governments from across the region will have six online sessions that will look closely into some of the issues that arise from climate change related migration, displacement and relocation so that this complex nexus becomes better understood within the region.

Session 1: Introductory Session
Wednesday, 16 September 2020
12:00-14:00 (Fiji Time)

Session 2: Country Perspectives I
Wednesday, 30 September 2020
12:00-14:00 (Fiji Time)

Session 3: Country Perspectives II
Wednesday, 14 October 2020
12:00-14:00 (Fiji Time)

Session 4: Regional and Global Context
Wednesday, 28 October 2020
12:00-14:00 (Fiji Time)

Session 5: Legal and Policy Gaps
Wednesday, 11 November 2020
9:00-12:00 (Fiji Time)

Session 6: Framing a Pacific Regional Response
Wednesday, 25 November 2020
12:00-14:00 (Fiji Time)

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Pacific Climate Change Migration and Human Security (PCCM-HS)

Creating a Psychosocial Ecosystem for Women Entrepreneurs in Vietnam

Submitted by alex on Tue, 20/10/2020 - 11:08
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Hanoi, Vietnam
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ESCAP News
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An expert group meeting (EGM) on “Creating a Psychosocial Ecosystem for Women Entrepreneurs” was conducted in Hanoi on September 18, 2020, under the project Catalyzing Women’s Entrepreneurship (CWE). The meeting was facilitated by the Agency for Enterprise Development, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Vietnam (AED-MPI), wherein representatives from over ten expert agencies presented perspectives on psychosocial aspects in advancing women’s entrepreneurship in Vietnam.

Speaking at the EGM, Ms. Bui Thu Thuy, Director-General AED, highlighted the significance of women entrepreneurs in Vietnam and their strengths in contributing to the country's social and economic development. She pointed out that despite significant contributions to Vietnam's socio-economic development, women-owned SMEs face many challenges and disadvantages compared to their male counterparts. Cultural norms, family responsibilities, and social context especially contribute to these difficulties.

Experts from LUMIERE Psychology Research and Practice Institute, Consultancy and Life Psychology Joint Stock Company, Vietnam- France Psychology and Psychiatry Institute, and other agencies also pointed out the disproportional care responsibilities of women entrepreneurs and pressures they face in their entrepreneurial lives due to persistent gender norms in Vietnam.

The panel discussions conducted provided a substantive background on women entrepreneurs' psychosocial support needs, ranging from constraints in accessing resources to broader socio-cultural norms in Vietnam. The discussions also included presentations from psychological counselling organizations and SME development organizations.

The EGM represented a critical step in supporting the access and use of psychosocial support services for women entrepreneurs and its impact on women's capacity to engage in a profitable, productive, and competitive entrepreneurial activity in Vietnam.

The EGM concluded with developing a concrete follow-up plan to identify and collate psychosocial support resources for women entrepreneurs. The information resulting from the expert group meeting will also contribute to the content being developed for the Women Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Sub Portal as part of the National SME Support Portal.

The full report and concept note can be found here.

The News Link: http://www.mpi.gov.vn/pages/tinanhchitiet.aspx?idAlbum=1053&VHCS=0&QPTDNNVV=

 

About ESCAP’s Catalyzing Women’s Entrepreneurship Programme

This initiative is implemented under a regional programme initiative titled ‘Catalyzing Women’s Entrepreneurship: Creating a Gender-Responsive Entrepreneurial Ecosystem’ funded by the Government of Canada, through Global Affairs Canada, and implemented by ESCAP. The programme aims to support the growth of women entrepreneurs in the Asia-Pacific region through addressing the challenges faced at three levels: enabling policy environment, access to finance and use of ICT for entrepreneurship. For more information, visit https://www.unescap.org/projects/cwe.

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Photo Credits: Agency for Enterprise Development, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Vietnam

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Discussing accelerating transformation in Asia and the Pacific, amidst the COVID-19 outbreak

Submitted by admind on Mon, 27/04/2020 - 11:05
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ESCAP hosted a series of 7 virtual consultations for the Asia Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development (APFSD), to be held on the 20th May. From 30th March-8th April 2020, 290 participants attended the webinar series, including 101 ESCAP member States representatives and 189 representatives of other stakeholder groups.

The webinars helped to build understanding on progress on the SDGs and to agree on recommendations for accelerating transformations in the context of COVID-19.  The opening webinar held on 30 March 2020 set the scene for a series of stimulating and interactive events with rich and frank exchange of views.

Webinars were also organised in partnership with 13 UN Agencies on the six transformative entry areas from the Global Sustainable Development report 2019: “The Future is Now: Science for Achieving Sustainable Development”, adapted to the Asia Pacific context.

These six entry points have the potential to leverage interlinkages and accelerate progress across all 17 Sustainable Development Goals globally and used the following Entry Point Profiles:

  1. Human well-being and capabilities
  2. Sustainable and just economies
  3. Food systems and nutrition patterns
  4. Enhancing power grid connectivity to achieve affordable and clean energy for All
  5. Urban and peri-urban development
  6. Global environmental commons

The outcome of these virtual consultations include priority policy action for accelerating transformation in Asia and the Pacific and will support discussions at the 7th APFSD. They include a set of recommendations that were deemed particularly important in the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic.

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Preserving transport connectivity to better deal with the COVID-19 outbreak

Submitted by admind on Wed, 01/04/2020 - 07:20
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International movement of goods and transport connectivity are facing unprecedented challenges as an increasing number of countries around the world close their borders and impose travel restrictions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. To facilitate the work of transport operators and keep supply chains working as smoothly as possible, UNESCAP is supporting the UNECE-led initiative to set up Observatory on Border Crossing Status due to COVID-19 which gathers all updated information regarding border crossing limitations worldwide. UN ESCAP members States can share their updates and additional information with United Nations ESCAP secretariat at e-mail: [email protected]

Preserving transport connectivity to better deal with the COVID-19 outbreak

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