CLIMATE CHANGE AND MIGRATION
IN THE PACIFIC
The ESCAP-administered project “Enhancing the capacity of Pacific Island Countries to address the impacts of climate change on migration” aimed to increase protection of individuals and communities that are vulnerable to climate change displacement and migration through targeted national and regional policies and to increase regional mobility through well-managed labour migration schemes.
The project covered the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Republic of Marshall Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. It generated primary data on the relationship between climate change and other drivers of migration, finding for example that climate change-induced migration was already occurring in Tuvalu. The project also carried out capacity enhancing activities in Kiribati, Tuvalu and Nauru, driven by the needs of local communities as identified in the surveys. These in-country activities were important mechanisms for ensuring that local communities’ views, needs and priorities on climate change migration were filtered through to governments, and able to be given due consideration in policy formulation. This element of the project resulted in national policies on migration being adopted in Kiribati and Tuvalu. The project also facilitated regional dialogue on the critical issues facing the region with respect to climate change induced migration, including through a regional meeting on climate change and migration in the Pacific.
The project was implemented in partnership with ILO and UNDP, and with funding from the European Union.