Monograph series on Transport Facilitation and Logistics Development in Asia and the Pacific - Study on Paperless Transit

Monograph series on Transport Facilitation and Logistics Development in Asia and the Pacific - Study on Paperless Transit

Date: 
Friday, June 17, 2016
Abstract

This study on paperless transit was developed under the United Nations Development Account Project - 8th tranche – Deepening Regional Connectivity: Strengthening Capacities of Asian Developing Countries to Increase Intra-regional Trade by Implementing Paperless Trade and Transport Facilitation Systems.

The objective of this Study is to raise awareness and support capacity building efforts of national governments for development and implementation of paperless cross-border transit systems. The Study aims to offer understanding of paperless transit, including the best practices, as well as some global and regional examples of initiatives in this regard. The Study also identifies challenges pertaining to regulatory, procedural and ICT gaps which could limit successful paperless transit facilitation; and provide ways for integration of transit systems and developing efficient paperless transit solutions.

The study is organized as follows, Chapter II details on the key requirements of a transit system including transit definition and types of transit. It gives an overview of customs related requirements of transit and presents other requirements of transit.

Chapter III documents existing regional paperless transit systems, namely European Common Transit System. Key principles of this system including practical implementation of transit procedures are explicated.

Chapter IV provides advantages of the paperless transit systems, particularly to the private sector and governments to foster trade and transport.

Chapter V explores potential linkages of paperless transit modules with electronic data processing systems, the Single Window concept and the World Customs Organization (WCO) data model, and stresses the importance of data harmonization and standardization.

Chapter VI documents regional and national case studies in the paperless transit systems. Case studies presented include ASEAN Customs Transit System, International Transit of Goods (TIM) System in Mesoamerican countries, examples of sub-regional customs transit systems in Africa, as well as national experiences of paperless transit systems in Malaysia, Thailand and Ghana.

Chapter VII provides major challenges for development and implementation of paperless transit systems with regard to political commitment, involvement of all relevant participants, design of paperless transit systems, establishment of legal framework, ICT infrastructure and interoperability, implementation capacity, lack of demand and resistance and other impediments to transport environment.

Chapter VIII explains role of individual governments, regional and sub-regional bodies and international organizations in supporting and promoting paperless transit systems. Chapter IX gives recommendations and options for the way ahead to develop and implement paperless transit systems, and suggests long term and intermediate solutions. Going forward, it proposes implementation of ESCAP Secure Cross-Border Transport Model to support development of paperless cross-border and transit transport systems.

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