Achievement of SDG7 targets requires an integrated system approach by considering the synergies between its constituent elements - increasing access to modern energy services, improving energy efficiency, reducing emissions from the energy sector and increasing the share of renewable energy.

Constraints, such as resources availability and the emission reduction targets under Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), need to be considered. A national SDG7 implementation roadmap that aligns with the existing national energy plan and strategy with SDG7 targets and NDCs as well as provides guidance for policymakers on what is required to achieve SDG7 and NDC targets and can offer a set of policy recommendations based on suggested energy transition pathways.

ESCAP is developing a tool - the National Expert SDG Tool for Energy Planning (NEXSTEP) - to support the development of national SDG7 roadmaps. This tool would enable policymakers to make informed policy decisions to support the achievement of the SDG7 and emission reduction targets. This initiative has been undertaken in response to the Ministerial Declaration of the 2nd Asian and Pacific Energy Forum (April 2018, Bangkok) and the Commission Resolution 74/9.