Evidence-Based Policies for Sustainable Use of Energy in Asia and the Pacific

Representatives from member States
Representatives from member States shared experiences on the project as panelists at the International Forum on Energy for Sustainable Development 2018 in Kiev, Ukraine.
Rapid growth in energy demand in Asia and the Pacific, largely driven by economic growth, has resulted in economic, social, and environmental challenges. However, if well managed, energy resources can support sustained development and equitable growth. The objective of this project is to strengthen capacities of policymakers in Asia and the Pacific to develop stronger, evidence-based policy and planning for the sustainable use of energy resources. The project’s activities in particular supports the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals with focus on Goal 7 on sustainable energy. It is in line with the outcomes of the Asian and Pacific Energy Forum (APEF).

The project aims to achieve its objective through:

1. Increasing project countries’ capacity to assess, forecast and track energy development trends and future scenarios using data, policy and analytical tools;
2. Applying knowledge gained from informational tools and project activities to evidence-based policymaking; and
3. Comprehensively understanding informational sources to monitor and evaluate energy targets.

Policymakers will be introduced to the information contained in the Asia Pacific Energy Portal during the project as well as exposed to sub-regional and regional dialogues for knowledge exchange. Ultimately, the project aims to contribute to revising existing legal energy policy frameworks and drafting of new ones for a more sustainable energy future in Asia-Pacific.

The project countries Fiji, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Thailand, and Tonga, represent the sub-regions of Asia and the Pacific enabling a comparison of challenges, solution and lessons learnt across the region.

Fiji

With a clear strategy towards becoming more sustainable in the energy sector, activities in Fiji are focused on developing a more comprehensive understanding of Fiji’s renewable energy resources, in particular the potential of electric vehicles. The two main topics covered are 1) The development of the electric vehicle market and its impact on the energy sector in Fiji; and 2) The development of energy knowledge management system. The two deliverables under the project are, firstly, a study on electric vehicles and its impact on the energy sector. Secondly, the project will provide recommendations for developing an energy knowledge management system. The project aims to contribute to the country’s progress towards the targets under the National Energy Policy and achieving Goal 7.

Kazakhstan

The Government of Kazakhstan adopted the Green Economy Concept in May 2013. Transition to the Green Economy scenario requires additional policy measures, supported by quality data and improved technical capacities of policy makers. In line with Kazakhstan’s Green Economy Concept commitments and the vision under the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) National Action Plan, the project develops a study on the benefits of increasing the share of renewable heat in the energy mix of Kazakhstan and its impact. It provides information to policymakers to identify best practices in renewable heat through regional cooperation aiming at new national policy developments.

Pakistan

Pakistan’s energy sector faces challenges on its way to sustainable energy, notably power shortages and transmission losses, in addition to making energy cleaner and more affordable for all. To help addressing the situation, the project aims to build capacities in energy modelling with a focus on life cycle analysis of power generation assets integrating more quantifiable evidence into the energy sector outlook, policy and planning. Through sharing of best practices, international experience and lessons learned with involvement from both federal and provincial entities, the project undertakes an outlook on future energy demand. In addition to the training in modelling, it aims to deliver a report on the contribution of the power sector to achieving Pakistan’s Nationally Determined Contributions.


Picture of the meeting of Mr. Zafar Hasan, Secretary, Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform and Mr. Sayed Tahawar Hussain, Member (Energy), Planning Commission and ESCAP in Islamabad, 30 January 2019.
Meeting of Mr. Zafar Hasan, Secretary, Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform and Mr. Sayed Tahawar Hussain, Member (Energy), Planning Commission and ESCAP in Islamabad,
30 January 2019.

Thailand

Thailand’s energy policy envisions a sustainable energy sector with connectivity and improved energy security. The project supports the vision with 1) A review of Thailand’s renewable energy policy through an integrated total systems approach leading to recommendations for future renewable energy policies, and 2) The development of a policy strategy for practical training. This is achieved by working closely with the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency of the Ministry of Energy and its in-house training center. The project identifies areas where policy improvements can be made to enable future revisions of Thailand’s energy sector plans.

Kick-off Meeting for the project in Thailand at Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy, Bangkok, 17-18 January 2019.
Kick-off Meeting for the project in Thailand at Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy, Bangkok,
17-18 January 2019.


Kick-off Meeting for the project in Thailand at Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy, Bangkok, 17-18 January 2019.
Kick-off Meeting for the project in Thailand at Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy, Bangkok,
17-18 January 2019.

Tonga


The Government of Tonga places particular importance on renewable energy and energy efficiency to obtain energy sustainability, security and affordability. Goal 7, the Nationally Determined Contribution, and the Tonga Energy Roadmap are the major energy strategies guiding the development of the sector. The project enhances energy data collection and analysis through improving the cooperation among stakeholders and knowledge sharing. Attention will be paid to the institutionalization of evidence-based policy-making, through methods introduced during the project and a more centralized approach to energy data. The activities and workshops are targeted to support developing new or revised energy policies.


Pacific Community (SPC) in Stakeholder Consultation Workshop, in Tonga, 9 October 2018.
Pacific Community (SPC) in Stakeholder Consultation Workshop, in Tonga, 9 October 2018.

Training on Integration of Informational Resources  into the Decision-Making Process, at MEIDECC, 10-11 October 2018.
Training on Integration of Informational Resources into the Decision-Making Process, at MEIDECC,
10-11 October 2018.