Workshop on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in a Measureable, Reportable, and Verifiable (MRV) Manner in the Waste Sector
The rapid urbanization and economic development of countries in Asia has been accompanied by an increase in the disposable income and living standards of populations, which has also led to an increase in the generation rates of solid waste. Managing solid waste is one of the costliest urban services in developing countries, with local governments spending 20 to 50 per cent of their budgets on solid waste management.
In urban areas in Viet Nam, waste collection rates remain at between 60 to 70 per cent, while peri-urban communes often have lower collection rates of about 20 per cent. In an attempt to temporarily dispose of waste, many households resort to waste burning, dumping or burying. Such practices pose a threat to the environment and public health. There is thus the need to improve current solid waste management practices and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Set in this context, the Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment of Vietnam (IMHEN) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) proposed the implementation of a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) Programme. The overall goal of this NAMA was to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from the waste sector in cities in Vietnam through the application of integrated solid waste management practices.
The main goal of this workshop was to present the NAMA Programme “Waste to Resources for Cities in Viet Nam” being jointly developed by IMHEN and ESCAP, and to seek the views of national stakeholders and any relevant organizations on its key components. The workshop was attended by almost 60 participants, which included representatives from national and local governments in Viet Nam, representatives from international organizations, financing institutions and other potential financiers of NAMA programmes, as well as representatives from research institutions, the private sector and the civil society.