Symposium on Promoting Public - Private Partnership for Environmental Management in Asia and the Pacific
The Symposium on Promoting Public - Private Partnership for Environmental Management in Asia and the Pacific was from 31 to 1 September 2000 and was jointly organized by the Asian Development Bank, ESCAP, the City of Kitakyushu, and the United Nations Environment Programme. The purpose of the Symposium was to review the role of the private sector in the implementation of the Regional Action Programme for Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development, 2001-2005. The Symposium noted that meeting the challenge of sustainable development requires the full cooperation and involvement of all parts of society, including the private sector. While governments are responsible for providing the general framework and guidance for business operations, the private sector has a central role in substantiating these operations and is thereby uniquely positioned to effectively address them.
In this connection, the Symposium identified specific areas where government and private sector action is seen as a necessity:
Actions by the Private Sector
Encourage voluntary use of Environment Management Systems, such as ISO 14001.
Co-operate on internationally recognised eco-labeling schemes and green procurement practices.
Support improved production and resource utilisation efficiency, e.g. by promoting energy and water audits and by facilitating Cleaner Production / Waste minimisation programs.
Expedite technology transfer of realistic (readily available and affordable) technologies through the Clean Development Mechanism and other mechanisms.
Promote a hierarchy of waste management by source reduction, segregation at the source, reuse, recycling, and recovery before final treatment and disposal.
Promote minimum efficiency standards and labelling of energy products, as well as demand side management and integrated resource planning of energy systems.
Encourage private-sector "adoption" (of responsibility) for managing and/or restoring individual eco-systems, including the restoration of tropical rain forests.
Promote closer co-operation between the Private Sector and Non-Governmental Organisations for environmental enhancement and resource conservation.
Actions by Governments
Promote common waste/pollution treatment facilities for small and medium scaled enterprises in order to enable them to meet their environmental obligations.
Introduce environmental curricula in primary and secondary education to enhance public knowledge and opinion about environmental issues.
Provide clear directions and enforcement of industrial, domestic and commercial zoning directives, to facilitate joint strategies for environmental management and to promote industrial symbiosis.
Promote regulation controlling the use of toxic substances, e.g. pesticides, to prevent second-stage environmental impact, such as land degradation and ground and surface water pollution.
Develop appropriate regulations, policy and pricing of water resources to support increased efficiency of water supply and use.
Joint actions by the Private Sector and the Governments
Support internalising of environmental costs to enhance environmentally sound investments.
Avoid policies that encourage export of environmental externalities, e.g. import of wood from countries facing uncontrolled deforestation.
Develop and promote comprehensive water management strategies in co-operation with the private sector and seek to make use of alternative approaches, such as rainwater harvesting.
Mandate and implement, in co-operation with the private sector, laws on separation of municipal solid waste at the source.
Enforce legislation as appropriate while also encouraging self-regulation by the private sector.
Promote fiscal incentives for energy efficiency and renewable energy equipment, promote life cycle cost accounting for energy management, and discourage use of fossil fuels.