Myanmar deposited instrument of accession on 15 September 2020 to become party to the Intergovernmental Agreement on Trans-Asian Railway Network and has now become party to the agreement on 14 December 2020 (herein after referred to as the Agreement)
Myanmar has acceded to the Agreement at the time when it has been taking measures to expand the capacity of its railway network by (a) upgrading projects of main railway corridors that are part of Singapore Kunming Railway Link, (b) developing railway links with its neighbors China, India and Thailand and (c) exerting efforts to rehabilitate it railway network including modernization of its railway infrastructure. These initiatives of Myanmar need to be supported by its development partners including ESCAP to enhance sustainability of transport networks in Myanmar.
The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Trans-Asian Railway Network was negotiated by the ESCAP member states and adopted by the Commission at its 62nd session in April 2006. The Agreement was opened for signature on 10 November 2006 in Busan, Republic of Korea and entered into force on 11 June 2009.
The Agreement provides for a coordinated plan for the development of railway lines of international importance to develop a regional network to meet the increasing needs inter and intra-regional trade and people to people connectivity. The Agreement promotes and supports international railway transport in the region and is a key pillar for regional cooperation and integration.
The Agreement has entered into force for Myanmar on 14 December 2020. (Article 5 (2) of the Agreement). With entry into force of the Agreement for Myanmar, there would be 21 Parties to the Agreement. Earlier in September 2019, Turkey became party to the Agreement.