Ashgabat was founded by Russians in 1869. In subsequent years, this fortress
attracted a host of merchants and entrepreneurs. The Turkmen Fine Arts
Museum houses a collection of beautiful Turkmen carpets. One of them,
among the largest and heaviest in the world, covers an area of 193.5 sq
metres and weighs 885 kgs.
Parthian, Capital of Nisa (AH5)
Nisa is the most significant architectural monument located near the city
of Ashgabat, in the suburbs of the village of Bagyr. It is the capital
of the famous Parthian Kingdom that existed for almost 600 years up to
the 3rd century.
Merv Archaeological Site (AH5)
Merv is the oldest and best-preserved of the oasis-cities along the Silk
Route in Central Asia. The remains in this vast oasis span 4,000 years
of human history. A number of monuments are still visible, particularly
from the last two millennia.