Ulaanbaatar is situated in central east Mongolia, along a large wide valley.
Mountains surround the city. The Tuul River runs from east to west in
the south of the city. Ulaanbaatar was built in 1778 and named the City
of Felt. In 1924, it was declared the capital.
The Amarbayasgalant monastery, located 360 kilometres north of Ulaanbaatar
is one of the favourite destinations for visitors. It can be reached by
jeep via Darkhan. Built in 1727-1736, the monastery was the second most
important in Mongolia after Erdene Zuu monastery in Kharakhorum.
The Gobi Desert The Gobi
Desert covers almost 30 per cent of the country. The area is often imagined
as a lifeless desert. In reality, most of it is a land of steppes, rich
with wildlife and vegetation and home for camel breeders. The climate
is extreme with severe summers and winters.
ancient capital, Kharakhorum is Genghis Khan’s fabled city. In its
symbolic ruins, monumental walls with 108 stupas surround Mongolia’s
first Buddhist monastery, the Erdene Zuu, built in 1586. Turtles carved
from stone mark the boundaries of the complex. Nearby are monuments and
rock inscriptions erected in the 8th-9th centuries in memory of independence