The author gratefully acknowledge the contribution
of Mr. Abdus Salam, Consultant and Mr. Riton Kumar
Roy, Maintenance Engineer to NDB without whose
help it would not be possible to prepare this
Bangladesh entered into the
Internet World in 1993. Pradeshta, a private
institution was the first offline Internet E-mail
provider in Bangladesh. It started operation
in December 1993 followed by DRIK in February
1994 and Agni in January 1995. Online Internet
service was first introduced in Bangladesh by
Information Service Network Ltd. (ISN) on the
6th June 1996. Agni was the second to go
online with leased circuit from ISN followed by
Grameen Cybernet with their own VSAT. The
Chronology of introduction of Internet service
provider is given at Table TO 1:
Table T01: Chronology
of Internet Service Provider in Bangladesh with
64 k VSAT link to the Internet.
BRAC BD Mail
Global Bangladesh Ltd.
The above table lists the firms
in Bangladesh which with the help of VSAT provides
Internet access. Recently Bangladesh T & T
board has set-up a VSAT for official use.
In a months time another company Baximco will
start online Internet service in Bangladesh.
Currently, negotiation is going on with the UNDP
for introduction of Asia Pacific Development Information
Programme Project (APDIP) and Information and
Communication Technology (ICT) Project in Bangladesh.
Under this project UNDP may provide fund for a
VSAT which can be shared jointly by the Bangladesh
Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) and National
Data Bank of Statistics Division.
The use of Internet at various
stages of population data collection and dissemination
is not remarkable but encouraging. Several
international, multinational and national organizations
have started development of home :pages for storage
and dissemination of information using the Internet.
However in respect of data collection and especially
population data collection, it is limited to Government
Statistics Office Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
and International Center for Diarrheal Diseases
of Bangladesh (ICDDR'B). Some of Internet
Statistics for selected Asian Countries in relation
to their population are given at table T02:
Table T02: Internet
Host Computer per '000' Inhabitants of the Internet
advanced countries in Asia
Overview of Internet Facilities Currently available
Bangladesh has entered into
the global information superhighway with the introduction
of online Internet services in 1996. Prior
to this three private companies provided offline
Internet E-mail service since 1984. There
are Agni System, Pradeshta and Drik Listing of
the online home page addresses is given in matrix
form in Table T03.
Table T03: Matrix
of Homepage related to Population Data by Organization
of Home page
of Information Stored
of Dialup user
adopted in Creation and Administration of
This company can give the service
required by the local company web page if
any company interested to give web page.
This company store weakly new i.e. holidays
and Bangladesh Election results and sports.
This company also give the facilities, if
any user want any information about Bangladesh.
They collect it and send to a particular
user. This company also published
PCWORLD in Bangladesh. This will help
to gain knowledge about latest data comuication.
This company has 3000 internet users.
Association of Muslim
Welfare Agencies in Bangladesh
The name of the company Bangladesh
Garments Manufacturer Export association
in Bangladesh. The main function of
the BGMEA in Bangladesh is to give information
about garments product available in the
web page They also give the design about
This Web page gives population
data. In this web page you will find
data about Bangladesh. This webpage updated
time to time, with the latest results. It
any is Internet user is interested to collect
population data in Bangladesh send it by
This web page is created by
front page and MS-Word 97
This web page has several types
of information such asDonor Agencies, Export/Import,
Education, Finance Foreign Missions, Garments
& Textiles, Health, International, Organizations,
Industries, NGO's, Transports, Tourism,
Yellow Page, etc.
This company is one of the
largest NGO in Bangladesh so this web page
has several NGO information. This
company also give fax to Fax Service via
Internet. This web page has weather
forecast in Bangladesh. Any internet
user can see the wealth in Bangladesh and
it is free for all.
This web page created by Java
and some editor software.
This web page
has maximum grameen information about grameen.
This page has several types of information
which is help full for data collection in
also have a web page of Dhaka Stock Exchange.
They changes share market rate everyday
in their web page. This web
site has information about Bank and airlines.
web page created with Java, Netscape Editor,
web express and front page.
Grameen Krishi Foundation
Grameen Motsho Foundation
Grameen Poverty Alleviation
Internet Trade Directory (Pvt.
Bangladesh Yellow Page
Parma Zaman & Tannery
Dhaka Stock Exchange
Fuwang Ceramic Ltd.
Equity Resources ltd.
Inter Impex Co. Ltd.
Venus Services Bangladesh Ltd.
SLS (pvt) ltd. Superlube
Royal Danish Embassy, Dhaka
US Embassy, Dhaka
National Bank Limited
Singapore Airlines Dhaka
Stocks & Exchange Ltd.
Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation
Bangladesh has the centralized statistical system which is responsible for conducting, processing and warehousing of information and official statistics for the government. In 1995 a National Data Bank Project has been initiated for institutionally development of Government capability in the introduction of IT under client/server environment for both the government and the non-government.
3. Application of Internet in Data Collection
Infrastructure has been developed for computer network with the installation of VSAT. VSAT linked to a hub within Bangladesh can facilitate communication and data transfer from one area to another at a very low cost. In the process Bangladesh has serious bottleneck on unreliable and most inefficient telephone system. It is ambitiously perceived that CAPI or CATI system can be used in hilly and remote island areas for data collection. Bangladesh is the most popular non-island country of the World with small land mass. National Statistical Council the highest policy making body of the government has decided to conduct the main three censuses of the first decade of twenty first century in succession i.e. Economic Census in 2000, Population Census in 2001 and Agriculture Census in 2002. It has been decided in principle to produce SNA led statistics leading to introduction of General Data Dissemination System (GDDS) prescribed by the IMF.
For Population Census 2001, it has been decide to canvass a short OMR/OCR questionnaire for collection of basic characteristics of all the households and population and a long OMR/data entry questionnaire for supplementary information. For other censuses and regular surveys infrastructure for distributive data entry and data processing have been proposed in the revised re-organization set-up of BBS for the districts and sub-districts.
Recently dial-up network has been established in 23 regional offices. Experience of data transfer through analog telephone has been found to be most inefficient and thus should be replaced by digital telephones. For the first census of the twenty first century both the internet and the extranet facilities have been planned for use with caution and limitation. Areas of use of Internet are -
Multi-media and PC based training for census workers. This will ensure effective training for reliable census;
Application of CAPI in hilly and coastal area will ensure timely transfer of data;
Transfer of data through dial-up network;
Down loading of terms, concepts and methodologies from the international databank.
Transfer of software from one location to the other.
Recent experience of other users such as ICDDR'B is also not encouraging. Once the telephone system is improved internal facilities can be introduced most profitably even for earning foreign exchange.
4. Application of Intranet for information Dissemination
The Internet service provider and the intranet as well as extranet facilities have been used in BBS 3 ways:
In its current form the following books, data sheets and brochures are included it. However you can have a glance of the vast repository of the information to be stored in the Web site.
Bangladesh at a Glance
About National Data Bank
Analytical Report of Population Census 1991
Urban Area Report of Bangladesh 1991
Demographic Report of Bangladesh 1991
Conceptual Framework for Population Census 2001
Literacy Rate Map
Index Map of Bangladesh
Bangladesh Data Sheet 97
The web page developed with the Frontpage is static. That is way Oracle is used at back-end to meet dynamic needs of the users.
In the process of development of the homepages Frontpage 97 has been used which transforms the word perfect document to HTML.
5. Tentative plan for application of Internet in future Censuses and Surveys
A coherent workplan has been developed for the next five years plan period (1997/98 - 2001/02) Steps have been undertaken to introduce standardized concepts and definitions in all the censuses and surveys. Both the internet as well as the extranet facilities may be applied for standardization of concepts and timely completion of work. It has been observed that coverage and content errors of census data can be improved by two ways:
Through :improvement training to census workers ; and
Use of GPS for preparation of RS and imagery based enumeration area maps.
In addition, Internet has been planned for use in video conferencing and monitoring of catastrophic effects in Bangladesh. Under the proposed reorganization 10 OMR/OCR machines will be installed in 10 regions and 5 in the Capital City for quick capture of data from OMR questionnaire. For data entry 2 computer systems will be installed with modem facilities is each of the 64 districts and 493 sub-districts along with data entry personnel. Data entry and data capture will be done at the field offices and captured data will be send to headquarters by dial-up link.
6. Application of GPS system in preparation of RS and imagery based EA maps
First pretest has been done in one rural and one urban enumeration areas. Satellite imageries of 5.69 meter resolution and mauza maps of 4000 scale were used in the field test. It has been observed that for densely populated urban areas imageries of meter resolution are required. In case of rural areas the available imageries are ok. By this time 20 officers have been trained on ARR/Info and GIS. A programme has been undertaken to conduct another pretest in urban mauza and another rural mauza during this months and the results will be disseminated a workshop. In this pretest it will be explored whether how mauza database can be developed.
Schedule of activities
The bar chart shows the different activities which will be performed in the following months:
Personnel Allocation by Month
List of personnel involved in the project by month:
List of personnel involved in different activities:
Project Document preparation
Backup & Archive
Man-days: The total man-days involved in the project from the three organizations are:
Personnel (man days)
GIS Database Expert/Programmer
GIS Technical Editor
Material cost: The material cost (in taka) involved in different level of the project are
Maps and coverages
It is evident from the billing rate that two of the internet service provider companies do not have any minimum bill. The rate use bill per minute for data transfer is:
Tk. 2.5 =~ US$ 0.05
Tk. 2.0 =~ US$ 0.04
Tk. 1.0 =~ US$ 0.02
Rest of the Internet Service Provider Companies have minimum bill of Tk.500.00 per month, for them per minute bill for data transfer is -
Tk. 2.00 =~ US$ 0.04
Tk. 1.50 =~ US$ 0.03
Tk. 1.00 =~ US$ 0.02
Thus transfer of a file through FTP will take on the average to 10 minutes. This will cost maximum of Tk.25 per file which is equivalent US$ 0.54 (i.e. 54 cents). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is being re-organized with the provision of distributive data processing under client/server environment. Under this provision ten regional offices will have 10 OMR/OCR machines for data capture. For data entry from non-OMR questionnaires 2 Computer Systems will be installed in each of the 64 districts and 493 sub-districts. Manual editing and data capture will be will done at the field offices with basic computer editing. The captured records will then be sent to headquarters through dial-up network. This will be very cheap.
Census and survey specially related to population have become global issues. International and multinational organizations and national bodies have been adopting the superhighway of computer network technology i.e. the www and the internet for facing and sharing resources to resolve multiple issues. As a member of global network it is essential to standardize concepts and methods in population data collection, data processing and data dissemination. In view of resource constraints currently it may not be feasible now to apply internet facilities in data collection but this will to highly essential in the future. For the 2001 round of censuses and surveys Bangladesh should use intranet in transfer of software and extranet for storage, access and dissemination. For data security Windows NT 4.0 is recommended as operating system. Developer 2000 is recorranended at the Front out and Oracle at the back end to meet the dynamic requirements of the users.