In responding to Item 7 of the provisional
agenda, i.e., the implementation of three separate
IT applications for population data, CBS, in
this paper, will propose-three alternative applications
in the area of data capture and data dissemination
including GIS. Data scrutinizing, coding
and editing is not involved in the proposal
since statistical offices have experienced a
lot with this works. Besides, there are a number
of public domain softwares such as IMPS and
ISSA to support data processing. On the other
hand, OMR/OCR technology is new for many countries
including Indonesia and should be explored extensively
especially in preparing for 2000 population
census. In the following, the first alternative,
i.e., OMR/OCR study will be explained more detail.
The second alternative is about data dissemination
in the CD-ROM. Since dissemination technologies
are evolving very rapidly, NSO should be able
to disseminate population data with software
needed in the form of CD-ROM. Therefore, the
second alternative, i.e., population on CD-ROM
will be explained more detail. The alternative
will also try to see how far GIS capability
can be involved in the system, so the user can
produce thematic data using the CD-ROM.
The last alternative prosed is also in the
area of dissemination. Up to this moment,
CBS has successfully disseminated various data
including population data through Internet.
The recording of the systems showed that there
are 3514 hits to the home page (www.bps.go.id)
every day. This figure showed that the
Internet facility should be explored for data
dissemination intensively. Therefore,
the third alternative is about the designing
and standardization of population pages on Internet.
The three alternatives are discuses more detail
2.1. Objectives of the
The objective of tile study is to see how
effective an OMR/OCR can be used in capturing
population census data in markcodes as well
as human writing. A number of writing
variations will be tried/ tested to see the
percentage of success that can be handled by
the system. The result of this study will
be very important in the massive procurement
of such machines and their supporting facilities.
In addition, the study will help in designing
questionnaires that meet the requirement of
the system, so the optimal solution could be
This study can be beficial to other countries
since they can participate in providing their
questionnaires to be tested in the system.
Therefore, other countries will be invited to
participate in filling the questionnaires with
their common hand writing. This gives
them an idea whether to utilize OCR/ OMR systems
for data capturing.
Since CBS as abandoned data capturing using
OMR before, then the introduction of such technology
in a new version should be taken in the very
careful way. Therefore, before massive
sets are procured, one set of machines is being
procured under the assistance of JICA. This
system includes a set of scanner and a set of
OCR/OMR software, in this case is NCS ACCRA.
By conducting such a study, then we will know
the percentage of questionnaire errors, percentage
of hand writing error, and the speed of
data-capturing process. In addition, the
right questionnaires that can meet the requirement
of the systems can be designed.
Feasibility of the study will support the plan
of establishing data capture in the regional
offices from province level to the kabupaten
level. There are 311 kabupaten regional
offices, and 27 Provincial regional offices,
and for these offices and the central offices
CBS needs to procure 531.
OCR/ OMR sets.
The study will be useful for CBS before they
are procured massively throughout Indonesia,
so the coming Population Census could be processed
in a time frame as expected, that is, three
months. We will know how to design questionnaire
correctly, the way handwriting should be, and
to fill out questionnaires corrrectly.
2.3 The Role of Working
In this application, the Working Party is
expected to suggest the design of a questionnaire
that will give optimally results in data capturing.
The suggestion includes the color of the printing,
the characters that will result minimum errors,
and other things related to questionnaire design.
The Working party is, also expected to participate
in the scrutinizing the results of the capturing
process, so they can suggest the best way in
the capturing data.
Population Data in CD-ROM
As the technology of the CD-ROM is now very
popular in the computer environment, population
data is needed to be recorded in the CD-ROM.
However, a user of population data should not
be expected to write a program in order to be
able to access the data. For that reason,
the should be supported with an application
that allow him to access population data easily
in carious functions, for example forecasting
data, CBR, CDR, etc.
This application of course, will be beneficial
to other countries, since the application will
be distributed freely. The application
will allow them to just procure a CD-ROM writer,
and store their population data into CD-ROM
accompanying with the application.
In this CD-ROM, GIS capability can also be
stored to allow users to display data in the
thematic maps. Of course the possibility
to store GIS such as PopMap will also be dependent
on tile authorization from the UN.
CD-ROM has shown many superior capabilities
compared with storage devices such diskettes.
In addition, users' computers are now usually
equipped with CD-ROM readers. CD-ROM also
is free from the contamination of a virus, because
it is write protection. Hence, CD-ROM
should be utilized in the population data.
This project is to try to develop an application
that will be stored in a CD-ROM that enables
a user to get population statistics, and demographic
ratios, such as Crude Birth Rate, Crude Death
Rate, etc., and also population projection.
This can be done by storing the application
and data into CD-ROM. A user just put
the CD-ROM into CD Reader, then all processing
will be guided by the applicatione to meet the
need of the user.
This application will be beneficial to any
user because he does not have to create software
for accessing the data, and how to write programs
to make population calculations such as projection.
3.3 The role of Working
The working party is expected to participate
in seing the poos41lity of 1'opMap facilities
can be stored in the CD-ROM for public use.
In addition, The working Party is expected to
define what kind demographic calculations are
really needed by most users. Also to define
what hind of displays, and how menus should
be guided, and how they are guided one buy one.
Designing and Standardization Population Pages
4.1 Objectives or Utilities
It is very common now that many users use
Internet to get information, including population
information. CBS has shown that its home
pages are very intensively used by Information
seeker around the world. For that reasons, CBS
is utilizing the Internet intensively.
However, the space of the server to keep the
information is very limited so information should
be very selectively chosen. The objective
of the study into define what the information
is really needed by the users.
The other objective of the study is to make
standardization of population information that
is needed to be disseminated by statistical
offices around the world. In the economic
sector, there is a standard that has been introduced,
called SDDS. By having such standard format
and type of information, a user is able to aggregate
the information of several countries, and comparison
can be made. In addition, link between home
pages can be made.
The application is feasible to perform considering
that CBS has already released its horse pages
for almost two years now. And designing
home pages are not new for CBS, since the beginning
the design of the pages is done CBS internally.
To support the pages in Internet, various of
population information is available as a result
of population census, Intercensal population
census, and Demographic and Health Survey.
4.3. The role of Working
The Working Team is expected to support this
application by defining standards for population
data dissemination in Internet. The Working
party is also expected to promote the use of
Internet to the countries that have not utilized
Internet yet, so that joining/merging population
data among NSOs can be performed in this application.