|Documentation for the Workshop /
Country Papers : China
Survey and census sources of national disability data
1. Overview of survey or census
- Title of survey or census
1987 National Sampling Survey on Persons with Disabilities
- Date of latest data collection
- Periodicity of survey or census (continuous, annual, ad hoc, 10 or 5
yearly in case of census etc.)
- Contact person(s) for the survey/census (include title, office mail
address, phone, , email, , etc.)
title: Information Center of China Disabled Persons' Federation
office mail address: xxzx_zhc @ cdpf.org.cn
2. Brief summary of survey or census
- Describe what information on disability is collected
- What uses are made of the data and who are the users?
Based on the data, China government found it is pressing to establish an
organization to safeguard the rights of persons with disabilities, improve their
conditions, and exploit the potentials of disabled persons. In 1988, China Disabled
Persons' Federation (abbreviated as CDPF) was established.
- Were users involved in deciding what information to collect?
- What definition of disability was used?
The survey object consists of persons with disabilities as follows: visual disabilities,
hearing disabilities, mental disabilities, physically disabilities, mental illness and
multi-disabilities. Each category has its definition.(But no English edition)
- Were data collected and compiled according to international standards or
national classifications and definitions? (e.g.ICIDH or ICF)
3. Scope of survey or census
- Describe the population covered in the survey (age, private dwelling
population, institutionalised population, etc.)
the whole population of sampled region
4. Coverage and sampling
- Coverage of survey or census (how well was the scope achieved)
The survey covered 369,816 households, 1,579,314 persons, which accounted for 1.50
of the whole population of China.
- Sample frame(s) (sample size? Sample frame based on lists, area, register, etc.)
The survey adopted system sampling method by stratification, and the sample frame was
based on area.
5. Are there other data sources which you use to benchmark your survey results? (e.g.
previous surveys to compare with? what evaluations did you make of the results?)
6. Response and non-response
- What was the response rate?
- Did you evaluate the non-response? (e.g. break it up into full and
partial? impact of non-response? follow-up studies? imputations for missing items?)
7. Data collection (Attach or mail us a copy of your questionnaire)
- Manner of collection (face-to-face interviews, self-administered
questionnaire, telephone, other?)
- Type of respondent (who replied? The disabled person or proxy for the
The disabled person
- Format of questions (how many questions? pre-coded standardised?)
Most questions just need the interviewed to choose his/hers choice. there were 26
questions, all pre-coded standardised.
- List the languages used in the survey or census
8. Measurement error
- Which special data collection procedures were undertaken to reduce measurement
error (e.g. pilot testing of questions and questionnaire? training of
interviewers? detailed coding instructions? follow-up of non response by specialist
pilot testing of questions and questionnaire; training of interviewers; detailed coding
instructions; follow-up checking by specialist staff
9. Highlights of the strengths and limitations of survey or census
Strengths: (e.g. a very detailed survey; sound sample design; use of
international standard concept and classifications, etc.)
The first and unique survey of disabled persons in China.
Limitations: (e.g. high relative standard error for small population
groups/geographic areas; respondent overload due to length of questionnaire; lack of
consistency or survey items across surveys, etc.)
Lack of questions about economic status of disabled persons
10. List published sources on disability statistics
1987 National Sampling Survey Data on Persons with Disabilities
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