|Documentation for the Workshop /
Country Papers : Cambodia
Administrative sources of national disability data
1. Overview of administrative sources
- List the titles of the different registers and the ministry/organisation
responsible for them:
NIS( Ministry of Planning) by socioeconomic Survey 1996, 1997,1999, and for the present
time SES2003-2004, Child Domestic Worker Survey (in Phnom Penh), 2003; Establishment of
Ministry of Social Affaires, Labour, Vocational Training, and Youth Rehabilitation
(MOSALVY) ;Ministry for Women's and Veterans' Affaires (MWVA);Principle Guideline of
Rehabilitation, Vocational Training, and Job Placement for PWD ; To form an
inter-ministerial Committee for Organizing Cambodian Handi-sport Day on yearly Basis;
Retirement Pensions and Disability Regime for Civil Servants; Implementing Declaration of
Organizational Structure of Rehabilitation for PWD; Establishment a Working Group on Draft
Legislation to Protect the Right of PWD ; Organization and Functioning of the MOSALVY with
one of the main priorities is being prepared guidelines and policies to protect and
support PWD. Ministry of Health (MOH), Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (MOEYS)
- What purpose do they have?
The Government's long term-term gaols are to develop, implement and manage a national
strategy for the prevention of disability and for the rehabilitation of PWD, based on an
integrated participatory and decentralized approach to services delivery; The immediate
goal is to ensure the maximum number of PWD receive appropriate services and support so as
to enable them to live with dignity and to be integrated within the community to the best
- How often are they updated?
They are updated annually by Government Decisions and Sub-decrees and Ministerial
Decisions and regulations
2. Brief summary of register(s)
The draft legislation on "the right of PWD " is being developed. Its aims to
promote integration of PWD into mainstream development programs and activities which
includes health, accessibility, education, vocational training, employment, etc, to ensure
the protection and promotion of the right and dignity of all PWD and prohibition of abuse
and neglect of these PWD and discrimination against them.
- Describe what information on disability is collected:
NIS by using the Socio-Economic Survey had conducted these surveys dated on 1996,
1997, 1999, and at the present time is doing the Socio-Economic Survey 2003-2004 (pre-test
is done, final questionnaire and preparation for field work), Survey on Child Domestic
Workers in Phnom Penh 2003 in preparation (questionnaires, manuals and sampling). All
these surveys use the following questions ; the first question is " Does this
household has any disability ( Ans: 1 = yes , 2 = No. ) ", the second question is
" If yes, what type of disability does this household has ?(using the pre-codes which
are varying from each to other ) ( in SES 2003-2004 ask also " what was the cause of
disability " by using about 20 pre-codes of causes).
- What uses are made of the data and who are the users?
The uses are made of data on disability to identification of disability. The main
purpose of these data are to spread and promote awareness raising on disability so that
people can seek for intervention as earlier as possible for treatment; The data users are
: MOSALVY, MOH, Cambodian Red Cross, International Organizations, and other NGOs
- Were users involved in deciding what information to collect?
After drafting the questionnaires for all surveys NIS organise a Workshop by
inviting all line Ministries, International Organizations and NGOs concerned for
discussion on what information to collect and what question to be asked.
- What definition of disability is used?
A restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within
the range considered normal for a human being is defined as a disability. It describes
functional limitation or activity restriction caused by impairment.
- Are the definitions used in the register(s) compatible with survey or census
definitions? With international standards?
The definitions used in the register(s) are approximately compatible with survey
or census definition and with international standards. The one thing different is that the
definition using by NIS is that disability includes impairments and handicaps.
- What population is covered in the register(s)?
The population is covered in the registers are : Persons who are member of
household, institutional population (e.g. living in military installations, dormitories of
school or university, religious institutions, hospitals, hostels), war veterans (Ministry
of Women's and Veterans' Affaires ).
- How complete is the coverage? (who is included? who is missed out?)
The coverage is completed only the urban areas, while in the rural areas due to the lack
of resource, disability awareness, low education of people at community level and the
- How is/are the register(s) evaluated for completeness?
The registers evaluated for completeness by using the non-responses.
- Manner of updating the register(s)? (automatic from computerised forms,
from paper forms, other?)
Manner of updating the register is done by using automatic from papers forms
4. Highlight some of the strengths and limitations of your administrative register(s)
- The strengths of our administrative registers is the register is done annually
- The limitations stand on the lack of human resources, means on this matter, and
materials, lack of resources.
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