Yearbook - 8.1MB) Published: 3 Dec. 2013
The 2013 edition of the
Statistical Yearbook presents concise analyses highlighting major achievements and challenges for the 58 regional ESCAP member States and the five subregions in promoting economic prosperity, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. These analyses are supported with the most up-to-date and comparable data for over 300 indicators covering 32 topics, grouped into eight themes: demographic trends, health, education and knowledge, poverty and insecurity, women’s empowerment, environment, economy, and connectivity. In addition to revising and updating the indicators to reflect changing development priorities, this Yearbook includes two new topics which are very relevant to the region: food security and crime.
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Explanatory notes and statistical methods
List of online data sources
The proportion of people in Asia and the Pacific within the most economically active age band is increasing. In 2012, nearly 70 per cent or 2.9 billion people in the region were aged between 15 and 64 years.
In 2009, more than half a billion people in Asia and the Pacific were living in slums.
Over half of the 53 million migrants living in Asia and the Pacific in 2010 were in Australia, India, Pakistan or the Russian Federation.
A child born in 2011 had more chance of surviving until his fifth birthday than ever before.
In 2010, the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births varied between 470 in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and 3 in Singapore.
In 2011, an estimated 5.8 million people in Asia and the Pacific were living with HIV.
In 2011, the incidence of malaria in Asia and the Pacific had fallen to 136 per 100,000 population, the lowest in over three decades. The incidence of TB is also falling, but the region still accounts for the largest population of people living with TB in the world.
The prevalence of female smokers in 2009 was 5.1 per cent, lower than the global average, but the prevalence of male smokers was 42 per cent, higher than the global average.
Health expenditure in Asia and the Pacific as a percentage of GDP was 6.4 per cent in 2011, considerably lower than the global aggregate of 10.1 per cent.
Enrolment in pre-primary education was less than 50 per cent in about half the countries in Asia and the Pacific despite substantial increases over the last decade.
Only three out of every four children who start primary school in Asia and the Pacific are likely to reach the last grade of primary school.
Countries in the Asian and Pacific region committed between 8 per cent and 34 per cent of total public expenditure to education in 2011 (or latest available).
China and Japan have the largest expenditures on research and development in Asia and the Pacific.
In 2011, about 20 per cent of the population of Asia and the Pacific, or 743 million people, were living in extreme poverty, a significant reduction compared with 52 per cent, or 1.6 billion people, in 1990.
Access to improved water sources in Asia and the Pacific increased from 73 per cent in 1990 to 91 per cent in 2011. In contrast, only 59 per cent of the region had access to improved sanitation facilities in 2011.
In 2012, about two thirds of the world’s undernourished population lived in Asia and the Pacific.
Homicide rates in Asia and the Pacific, already among the lowest in the world, are decreasing. At 2.7 per 100,000 in 2010, the rate for the region was approximately half the global rate.
Female employment as a proportion of male employment in Asia and the Pacific has been hovering between 62 per cent and 65 per cent since the early 1990s, similar to the global average.
The Asian and Pacific region was responsible for more than half of total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2010.
Although levels of per capita energy consumption in the region are lower than the global average, by 2010 the region was consuming almost half (44.5 per cent) of the world’s energy supply.
In 2011, total renewable water resources in the region equaled 20,521 billion m3, which represents approximately 38 per cent of total world water availability.
The share of protected marine areas in Asia and the Pacific was 5.8 per cent in 2010, well short of the target of 10 per cent by 2020.
Between 2002 and 2011, the Asian and Pacific region had the largest number of people affected, as well as the largest number of people killed by disasters.
In 2011, the growth rate in developing economies in the Asian and Pacific region was 6.8 per cent, slowing by almost a fifth from 8.4 per cent in 2010.
The average fiscal deficit in developing economies of Asia and the Pacific nearly doubled, from 1.0 per cent of GDP in the five years prior to the global financial crisis (2003-2007) to 1.9 per cent of GDP during 2008-2011.
The inflation rate increased from 3.8 per cent in 2010 to 4.6 per cent in 2011, driven by high global food and oil prices, as well as strong domestic demand leading to higher core inflation.
Industry and services have become the predominant sectors of employment in Asia and the Pacific. Services alone accounted for 36.9 per cent of total employment in 2012, up from only 25.5 per cent in 1991.
In 2012, Asia and the Pacific surpassed Europe to become the world’s largest trading region.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into Asia and the Pacific in 2012 were the highest in the world.
Asia and the Pacific receives the second largest number of tourism arrivals, behind Europe, with 28.4 per cent of the world’s total.
Although the number of internet users in the Asian and Pacific region has been growing, only 30 per cent of the population was connected to the Internet in 2012, and fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions were lower than 8 per cent.
Between 2005 and 2008, road density in Asia and the Pacific increased by 5.8 per cent, greater than the increase in road density worldwide, of 3.5 per cent.
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