Eurostat is involved in technical
co-operation in the ESCAP region under two programmes:
the TACIS programme in the Newly Independent
States and the Lomé programme for the
ACP (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific countries).
Details of latest developments are given in
Annex 1 for the NIS and in Annex 2 for the other
countries in the Asia/Pacific region.
Information on the
TACIS/Eurostat activities in NIS countries belonging
TACIS assistance in reforming
the statistical system of NIS started in 1993
with two programmes: training (1993-95) and
technical assistance. The technical assistance
programme was mainly aiming at exchanging basic
information on Eurostat focal areas (foreign
trade, business registers, business statistics).
Starting from 1994, coherent
projects were drafted in Eurostat focal areas,
and in other areas indicated as priorities by
the recipient countries. When necessary, a limited
provision of computer equipment was provided
to support the projects.
Until now the NIS countries,
with the exception of Russia which has a national
TACIS programme, worked on the basis of an inter-state
programme. Presently they are negotiating programmes
of statistical co-operation within the framework
of individual national TACIS programmes.
High level advising was addressed
at organisation and legal issues in the first
co-operation period. Eurostat high level advisers
visit trans-Caucasian countries yearly, whereas
they play a more ad "hoc role" in Russia and
in Central Asia.
Semi-residence is operating
in the trans-Caucasian countries. A resident
adviser for Central Asia and Mongolia has his
headquarters in Tashkent. In Russia a resident
statistical adviser started service in September
Since 1993, yearly high level
meetings allowed the Heads of the Statistical
Offices of the NIS to exchange views on priorities,
challenges and progress made in reforming the
statistical service with their colleagues of
other NIS countries and with Western partners.
Proceedings of all seminars in Russian have
always been distributed to the recipient countries.
A considerable amount of statistical
methodology is offered to the recipient countries
at every occasion. Translations of basic manuals
have been made (Van der Lippe "Economic Statistics";
Statistisches Bundesamt, "Business statistics";
Eurostat manual on business register, Dutch
manual on business statistics). Basic nomenclatures
(CPA, PRODCOM) have also been translated into
TACIS co-operation is co-ordinated
mainly through the yearly TACIS Steering Committee
In all focal areas progress
has been made, even if at different speed.
Almost all country have set
up a business register which can be used
for statistical purposes.
In business statistics
the use of sampling depends on the degree of
privatisation. Pilot sample surveys have been
launched or are under preparation.
Countries are requesting assistance
to monitor informal economy. Eurostat believes
that this kind of assistance should not replace
more structured assistance in business statistics
and should not replace the creation of good
registers. In any case in order to have good
estimates of informal economy, it is necessary
to rely on household statistics, labour statistics
and national accounts, therefore the work needs
to be co-ordinated with the work done by other
international organisations in the respective
In foreign trade statistics,
customs statistics based on the Single Administrative
Document (SAD) is in place in all countries.
Countries, planning to participate in the Customs
Union, participated in the Eurostat seminar
on Intrastat and are requesting for more assistance
on the matter.
Some support has been given
for publishing and disseminating statistical
information which is a new activity for the
statistical offices of NIS countries.
The countries need further
support in marketing statistical information
and in promoting official statistics through
Jointly with OECD a second
interstate seminar on business tendency surveys
has been organised.
TACIS participates in the
costs and organisation of two interstate seminars
with ECE Geneva on business registers and demographic
statistics. Concerning the second methodological
documentation is being translated into Russian.
The general situation by region
is the following:
Good working relationships
have characterised the last year of co-operation.
Good progress has been made in all co-operation
areas, in particular:
- Statistical classifications.
Eurostat has a leading
role in assisting the Russian Federation to
establish a classification system which is
harmonised with the international standards
developed by the UN and Eurostat;
- business registers.
A law on register was drafted and approved
by the Duma in spring 1995. Statistical surveys
should now be implemented to obtain a larger
range of useful indicators. Further co-operation
actions should assist Goskomstat in a correct
introduction of activity classifications.
- Business statistics.
A decision has been taken to pass from a sector
to a structural approach. The organisation
of sample surveying also for SME has started
and the use of business accounting for statistical
purposes has been considered. A number of
surveys has been launched in several domains
(trade, services, transport, housing, etc).
Assistance has started in informal economy.
- Foreign trade statistics.
Subdivision of tasks between Customs and
Statistical Committee has been sorted out.
Training in data collection of a large group
of customs officials and statisticians has
taken in France and UK
- Organisation of a
National System of Business Tendency Surveys.
In 1995, four business monthly surveys in
industry have been carried out with harmonised
- Labour cost: The
first results of 1995 survey have been introduced.
A survey has been implemented in 1996.
- Employment. Quarterly
labour force surveys are being introduced.
- Statistical dissemination.
A Goskomstat library and centre for business
information and the conducts of marketing
are being created.
- R&D and innovation
statistics. Pilot surveys on government
and R&D funding and on innovation statistics
are underway. Relevant publications will follow.
- Eurostat plans to add
indicators on Russia to the next edition
of the "Basic Statistics of the European Union".
We have also been requested
to co-operate in regional statistics, adjustment
of the consumer price index and in training
of civil servants.
Although we continue to group
these countries in TACIS co-operation (they
have the same semi-resident and high level adviser;
Statistics Netherlands is their partner in Europe;
their experts meet in a number of sub-regional
actions), the statistical systems of the three
countries are evolving in rather a different
A statistical law exists
in the three countries.
The three offices underwent
internal re-organisation. Armenia merged statistical
office and computer centre. In Azerbaijan the
privatisation process is very slow, therefore
the statistical office has not taken so radical
decisions yet. In Georgia institutional uncertainties
related to the internal political situation
of the countries are reflected in the internal
The Armenian statistical office
started to publish reports on the economic and
social situation of the country in Armenian,
Russian, and occasionally in English.
Thanks to bilateral co-operation
with Turkey the statistical office of Azerbaijan
published the "Statistical Yearbook" which compares
1995 data with the period 1990-1994.
Georgia issued the balance
of payment for the period January-September
TACIS projects in Eurostat
focal areas (business registers, business
statistics, external trade) have registered
goods progress and have been supported by basic
computer equipment, necessary to implement the
planned work. We provide assistance also in
Publications and public relations.
In Armenia we also
offer assistance in Demographic statistics.
A law on census has been drafted and a migration
survey was organised in November 1995. Basic
methodology has been produced in preparation
of the census of 2000 which can be shared with
other NIS countries.
Central Asian Countries
According to the reports of
the Eurostat high-level adviser and of the semi-resident
adviser (resident since 06/96), good progress
has been made in the statistical organisation
of the Central Asian countries.
The National Statistical Office
of Tajikistan has special difficulties because
of the civil war situation in the country. The
delegations of Central Asian countries requested
during the January 1996 Steering Committee intensive
support for this country.
All countries, except Turkmenistan,
have a law on statistics. In Turkmenistan there
is a draft statistical law. The governments
passed different decisions about statistics,
for instance in Kazakhstan about "Reconstructing
statistics, primary accounting and bookkeeping",
in Turkmenistan a decree by the President concerning
the State Programme of Turkmenistan's transition
to the internationally accepted statistical
system, in Uzbekistan the government passed
a resolution of "New approaches to the statistical
monitoring of the results of the socio-economic
development and to the evaluation of the development
of the transition process" and in Tajikistan
a law about business register.
Within the TACIS co-operation
in 1994/95, Central Asian countries received
computer equipment and software. This support
for equipment will be reinforced during 1996.
The staff of the statistical offices improved
knowledge of western languages.
In 1994 the Kazakh Parliament
took the decision to move the capital to Aqmolar
(Tselinograd) in 2000. There are plans to move
Goskomstat in 1997.
The TACIS supporting programme
for Mongolia started in 1995 with a first fact
The Mongolian Government has
approved a statistical law in April 1994 and
a programme aimed at moving indicators to international
standards. Important measures have been undertaken
to introduce international methodologies in
the compilation of foreign trade statistics,
balances of payment, government finance statistics,
industrial statistics and consumer prices.
There is a statistical register
of enterprises. General Customs Administration
has introduced Harmonised System (HS) and the
Statistical Office uses ISIC-Rev. 2. for classifying
economic activities. The Mongolian Government
has given priority to the collection of data
in the scope of small enterprises, price competitiveness
of Mongolian industries and statistics on transport
UE statistical co-operation projects in ASIA
and the Pacific
||Poverty and informal
capacity to monitor such actions
methods and tools
||Study trip in EUROPE
of CSO's General
||To modernise CSO's
methods and tools
||Training for statisticians
||Developing a statistical
culture for middle management
of training tools)
||Improving the available
|| New project
Ministry of Planning and Investment
|South Pacific Commission
||Improving the management
NB: : CSO = Central Statistical Office