Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific, No. 69 "Participatory approach to transport infrastructure development"

Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific, No. 69 "Participatory approach to transport infrastructure development"

Date: 
Friday, January 1, 1999
Type: 
Journals
Abstract

The institutional structure of the Panchayati Raj, the local self-government system in India, and the implementation of rural development programmes in the context of a participatory approach have been examined in this paper. Although the Panchayati Raj institutions have existed for many years, owing to inherent weaknesses in the systems they were not very effective in the implementation of rural development programmes. Through constitutional amendments a third tier of local self-government has been set up and steps have been taken to remove the inherent shortcomings of the system. It is expected that the new Panchayati system should now provide the much needed non-bureaucratic institutional support to rural development programmes. With a more aware rural population, the prospects for success are perhaps brighter. The functioning of the new decentralized system has been examined with three case studies concerning rural roads planning and their implementation. Policy conclusions are drawn based on a general analysis of the new set-up, past experience and the findings from the three case studies.

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