The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most disaster-prone regions in the world. Natural disasters such as typhoons, floods, droughts and earthquakes have led to the loss of countless lives and property. Given the inter-regional nature of natural disasters, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 has highlighted the need for countries to work together. There is a need for increasing regional cooperation in disaster management. Space technology and GIS applications have been demonstrated to be effective tools in post-disaster relief and pre-disaster capacity building.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by the 193 member States at the United Nations headquarters in September 2015, New York. The new development agenda aims to turn the policy focus of countries to sustain inclusive economic growth, energize investment for social justice, and prioritize efforts towards environmental sustainability. This global development process received additional boost due to the adoption of a new financing for development framework which was adopted at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development in July 2015, Addis Ababa.