Owing to demographic changes in Pacific island developing countries and territories, an increasing number of people are entering the labour market in these countries. In order to ensure that new entrants into the labour market are able to be gainfully employed, governments need to implement coherent macroeconomic as well as social policies that encourage growth in employment, especially in the private sector.
Healthy oceans and seas are vital to sustainable development, for both current and future generations. The strong support for a dedicated sustainable development goal on oceans, seas and marine resources is evidence of the importance placed by the global community on the conservation and sustainable management of oceans and seas, both in areas of national jurisdiction and as a global common good.
Labour migration in the Asia-Pacific is dynamic and growing. Variable economic growth, deepening regional integration, and growing disparities in wealth, both within and among countries, have created strong incentives for workers to relocate across borders. Patterns of migration are also becoming more complex: the traditional concept of labour migration as being from ‘South’ to ‘North’ is no longer accurate to capture the nuanced patterns of flows across the Asia-Pacific.
The expansion of international production networks (IPNs), alternatively referred to as “global value chains” raises important new analytical and policy challenges. This study demonstrates how the growing importance of international product fragmentation and intermediate goods in international trade has altered the links between exchange rates and international trade flows. This publication is not intended to provide comprehensive coverage of the topic. The focus is not on the macroeconomic determinants of nominal or real exchange rates.
Welcome to the second newsletter of the Pacific Climate Change and Migration (PCCM) project. The PCCM project is a three year programme funded by the EU and implemented jointly by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The key goals are to strengthen Pacific Island countries’ ability to address the impacts of climate change on migration, but also to strengthen their capacity to use labour migration as a way to adapt to climate change impacts.
UNDP, ADB and ESCAP in cooperation with the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat organized a Pacific consultation on progress on the MDGs and the post-2015 development agenda in Suva, Fiji from 17-19 November 2014. Government officials, civil society and development partners attended the consultation representing 14 Pacific Island Countries (PICs).