Business process analysis (BPA) of trade procedures has proven to be an effective tool to design and motivate trade facilitation reform in Asia and the Pacific, providing a detailed picture of the existing import and export processes along the entire international supply chain. Over 50 import and export processes in Asia and the Pacific have been mapped out and evaluated using the UNNExT BPA methodology since 2009, both by international organizations (such as ESCAP, ECE, ADB) and relevant organizations and agencies in individual member states.
A recent firm-level study conducted by the UN Regional Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) found that a reduction in customs and trade clearance times increased SMEs likelihood of participation in export or international production networks (IPNs) relatively more than that of larger enterprises.
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) is one of the five Regional Commissions of the United Nations. ESCAP has a long-standing and comprehensive programme on trade facilitation, implemented in close collaboration with regional and global partners, including OECD, UNCTAD, WCO, WTO and the World Bank at the global level, and the Asian Development Bank at the regional level. The programme consists of three integrated components: research, capacity building, and a legislative component.