The document on "Operationalizing Environmental-Economic National Accounts" is a brief report on a Workshop on Valuing and Accounting for the Environment in Asia, Bangkok, 8-10 October 2013. The workshop was jointly organized by UNEP, SANDEE and ESCAP.
This study is part of a wider programme of action being carried out by UNESCAP to facilitate the development of intermodal transport and logistics in the region under the mandate provided by the Busan Declaration. It has been initiated at a time when world trade volume is at its highest ever.
More than 40 per cent of world fleet is owned by ESCAP member countries and over 65 per cent of the world's seafarers are supplied by countries in the ESCAP region. ESCAP is currently working to move beyond these achievements to further harness the maritime strengths and complementarities of individual member countries for their mutual benefit. Recognizing the need to strengthen regional collaboration in the maritime sector, ESCAP, with assistance by the Government of Japan, organized a Forum on Regional Cooperation for Maritime Manpower Planning, Training and Utilization.
The present study takes as its focus seafarers as an essential manpower resource for development of the shipping industry and the marine transport sector in the Asia-Pacific region. Major issues relating to seafarers have shifted in the last several decades away from the concern for welfare, wages and work conditions to their role in maritime mishaps and sea pollution.
The Transport and Communications Decade for Asia and the Pacific, 1984-1995 was proclaimed by the General Assembly in 1984 and subsequently adopted by Transport and Communications Ministers at a meeting in 1985. Mid-term reviews were undertaken to assess the impact of the first and second phases of the Decade in preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Infrastructure held in New Delhi in 1996. The Conference launched the New Delhi Action Plan on Infrastructure development and recommended for the preparation of the final evaluation report of the Decade in 1997.
These guidelines were developed as a result of ESCAP's initiative to implement participatory planning of rural infrastructure in Lao People's Democratic Republic. This poverty alleviation initiative aimed to heighten the capacity of institutions at the village and district level to participate actively in the planning, operation and maintenance of local and other infrastructure.
This study, undertaken by ESCAP in collaboration with the Asian Institute of Transport Development and with the financial support of UNDP, is an extension of ESCAP's work towards reducing poverty and coping with globalization. The guidelines in the present publication attempt to capture the developmental aspect of rural infrastructure projects such as roads, irrigation, power, credit, markets, education and primary health and to the guide the assessment of the multidimensional impact of such investments.
This publication demonstrates how the navigation rules and regulations, in particular, aids to navigation systems on the greater Mekong River could be harmonized. The physical characteristics of the Greater Mekong River is presented with a review of existing aids to navigation systems in Cambodia, China, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. The comparative analysis of the commonality and differences in the aids to navigation in different countries in connection with the IALA Maritime Buoyage System and CEVNI/SIGNI is presented.
The purpose of these guidelines, is to briefly review the experience of public/private partnerships in infrastructure in the region; to review the reasons for introducing public/private partnerships; and highlight the common issues and problems encountered during the process, Case studies and examples have been included to illustrate how some of these issues and problems have been successfully tackled by countries both within and outside the region and to
Due to ever increasing demand for road transport, many countries of the region have to import more and more oil and oil products with resulting negative effect on the balance of payments, as well as air quality in urban areas and public health. Several countries in the region have, however, substantial resources of natural gas, offering the potential for the substitution of imported petroleum and refined petroleum products by this domestic and environment-friendly energy source.