The Government of Kiribati recognises the important role of labour migration in addressing the lack of employment opportunities, promoting economic and social development, alleviating poverty, and adapting to climate change. The National Labour Migration Policy (NLMP) is designed to provide a coherent strategy for promoting overseas employment and protecting the welfare of I-Kiribati abroad, within the broader context of generating productive and decent employment opportunities for all I-Kiribati.
This report has been produced as part of the Pacific Climate Change and Migration (PCCM) Project entitled, ‘Enhancing the Capacity of Pacific Island Countries to Manage the Impacts of Climate Change on Migration’. The PCCM Project is a three year project (2013-2016) funded by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Tuvalu, one of the world’s smallest independent states in terms of land area (26 km2) and population (11,000),1 has an extensive history of labour migration overseas dating back to the 1800s as one conduit for increasing development in the country.2 The second decade of the 21st century is, however, shaping up to be a challenging one in so far as opportunities for overseas labour migration from Tuvalu are concerned,3 with fewer than 220 Tuvaluans employed as seafarers, seasonal workers, or on other temporary employment contracts during 2014.4 This compares with around 500 in 2008 (376 seaf