Institutional Changes for Sanitation

Institutional Changes for Sanitation

 
Date: 
Thursday, January 1, 2009
Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract

Policymakers in the region are more aware than ever of the economic, social, health and environmental benefits of adequate sanitation. Various efforts have been made to raise the political profile of sanitation, through a United Nations General Assembly resolution (No. 61/192) that declared 2008the International Year of Sanitation, regional high-level sanitation conferences (SACOSAN and EASAN) and close monitoring of the related Millennium Development Goal targets. This improved understanding is also demonstrated by a wide array of institutional changes, undertaken during the past five years in countries that are lagging behind. This report presents the institutional progress made in selected member countries towards achieving sanitation goals, as reported in an ESCAP-led survey. Institutional progress consists of changes in administrative, legal and financial rules and practices that have been made with sanitation goals in mind. It also includes the “slow-moving” institutions, which are social norms and practices, general awareness of the public and the ensuing demand for sanitation services.

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