The rapid growth of preferential trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific has led to a complex situation with numerous overlapping agreements, sometimes characterized as a "noodle bowl". This diagram, updated in June 2015, represents the different trade agreements currently present in the Asia-Pacific.
Key presentations focused on the concept of ‘Urban Nexus’, governance mechanisms and policy planning across three critical sectors to support inclusive, sustainable and resource-efficient cities. Following the presentations, a panel including city representative from Naga city, Philippines and national policymaker from the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board, Thailand discussed the challenges and opportunities in integrating urban nexus into policy planning and urban development processes.
In Asia-Pacific it is evident that managing the resource footprint of cities across various ecosystems calls for institutional coordination and other forms of collaboration - which has rarely been evident. The majority of cities/municipal administrations in Asia-Pacific continue to plan and manage along sectoral lines and within municipal boundaries, and rarely in a coordinated and integrative manner.