The Ministerial Segment of the Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference was held at Bangkok on 16 and 17 December 2002. It was organized jointly by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The main theme of the Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference was “Population and poverty in Asia and the Pacific”. The Conference also identified emerging issues, and the links among those issues and development and poverty. The Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference Plan of Action on Population and Poverty was adopted by consensus on 17 December 2002.