Many Asia-Pacific economies are excessively reliant on certain commodities for growth, fiscal revenues and foreign exchange earnings. In more than a dozen countries, commodity exports account for more than 10 per cent of the GDP. The current decline in a host of commodity prices has exposed this vulnerability. In general, over the last 25 years, the total natural resources rent, which is defined as the difference between the commodity price and its average production cost, increased significantly in several economies with an average increase of 8.5% in terms of percentage change.
On September 25, 2015, the international community adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a framework that comprises, as a succession to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with 169 corresponding targets. This framework, which is the culmination of years of deliberations and negotiations that have taken place since the Rio+20 outcome document, The future we want, will guide the formulation of development policies for the next 15 years.
Undernourishment in Asia-Pacific has decreased in the past decade but remains notable in several countries. Based on the FAO data, around 1 in 3 people in Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Tajikistan and Timor-Leste were undernourished in 2012. In Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mongolia and Sri Lanka, this ratio stood at around 1 in 5. According to some estimates, around 305 million people in the region are likely to remain undernourished by 2030. This indicates that the challenge to ensure food security in Asia-Pacific remains paramount.
These are the presentations that were delivered during the "Regional Meeting on Development of Efficient and Effective Logistics Systems" organized by ESCAP. The meeting took place in Bangkok, Thailand on 10-11 December 2015.
The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most disaster-prone regions in the world. Natural disasters such as typhoons, floods, droughts and earthquakes have led to the loss of countless lives and property. Given the inter-regional nature of natural disasters, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 has highlighted the need for countries to work together. There is a need for increasing regional cooperation in disaster management. Space technology and GIS applications have been demonstrated to be effective tools in post-disaster relief and pre-disaster capacity building.