Reducing Trade Costs in Asia-Pacific Developing Countries (Studies in Trade and Investment No. 84). International trade has been a major engine for economic growth and development in Asia and the Pacific. However, overall trade costs remain excessively high in many developing countries of the region. Part I of this publication provides an overview of trade costs in Asia and the Pacific, based on the most recent update of the ESCAP-World Bank Trade Cost Database. Policies and factors affecting international trade costs are identified.
How much of international trade costs can be mitigated through implementation of trade facilitation measures and policies? What measures and policies affect trade costs the most? This paper updates findings from Duval and Utoktham (2011), based on ESCAP-World Bank Trade Costs Database. Among the top trade facilitating regions are East and North-East Asia, followed by South-East Asia. The dominance of those regions are fully consistent with the trade-led growth strategies of these economies and their emphasis on reducing international trade costs.
This working paper explores the potential brought about by information and communications technology (ICT) in improving the sustainability of road transport through the implementation of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). The paper has been prepared by the ICT and Development Section of ESCAP, and is addressed to ICT policymakers of developing countries in Asia and the Pacific.
Resilient Business for Resilient Nations and Communities shows how the private sector can act as a key partner for reducing disaster risk that can affect a country’s overall resilience to disasters. This report is among the first to document the evolving thoughts and practices of the private sector in disaster risk management. It offers Asia-Pacific perspectives on the respective roles and responsibilities of the private and public sectors in promoting resilience, highlighting good practices, case studies and lessons learned.
Guidelines for setting and monitoring the goals and targets of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific
The Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Report (APTIR) is a recurrent publication prepared by the Trade and Investment Division of the United Nations, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. It provides information on and independent analyses of trends and developments in: (a) intra- and inter-regional trade in goods and services; (b) foreign direct investment; (c) trade facilitation measures; (d) trade policy measures; and (e) preferential trade policies and agreements.
This project working paper discusses the prevailing system of income security for older persons in Sri Lanka with regard to coverage, beneficiaries and sustainability. The paper finds that the current system is inadequate to provide income security for older persons, as the sustainability of several pension funds is at stake and coverage is relatively low. The paper further calculates the cost of providing universal income security in Sri Lanka.
The Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2015 – Disasters without Borders, is a flagship publication of UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). It provides an overview of the state of disaster resilience in Asia-Pacific region, and places disaster risk reduction at the heart of sustainable development. It identifies emerging new risks in the region and the sectors that are most at risk.
This report features the results of the first UNRCsJoint Survey on Trade Facilitation and Paperless Trade Implementation. This global survey was initiated in September 2014 by the United Nations Regional Commissions (UNRCs) i.e. ECA, ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA to collect data and information on trade facilitation and paperless trade implementation from their respective member states.