This working paper introduces the concept of Trade in Value Added (TiVA) and presents an initial analysis of TiVA for selected regional ESCAP economies. The paper introduces Global Value Chains (GVCs) and issues for the measurement of trade statistics due to proliferation of GVCs. It further presents the TiVA estimation methodology, as defined in the literature, and provides an overview of the data requirements for estimation. The paper reviews current initiatives on regional / international input-output tables (IOTs) and TiVA analysis, and availability of data in the Asia-Pacific region.
Transformation for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific region identifies key issues that define the work of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), and advocates for regional cooperation and action on core priorities for a future of shared and sustainable prosperity.
A total 36 economies in the Asia and Pacific region are classified as Countries with Special Needs. They are home to more than a quarter of the population of the developing countries in the region, excluding China and India, but they account for less than one tenth of the GDP of that group. The Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2015 covers these countries in terms of their current social and economic status, how quickly they are progressing towards their agreed goals and aspirations, and their policy options to accelerate their progress.
“Servicification” is most simply defined as an increased use of services in manufacturing processes. The impact of servicification on the competitiveness of the industrial sector has not been adequately addressed, especially in policy discussions, because of limited data availability. However, the OECD-WTO TiVA database now fills this gap for a selected number of economies. This brief provides information on the services content of industrial exports of these countries and offers some insights on the role of services in building trade competitiveness.
While the proposed goals and targets for the emerging Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been subject to political negotiations through several stages, the international statistical community was in March 2015 entrusted with developing a set of indicators for monitoring global progress towards 2030, and guided by a continued political oversight after the post-2015 inter-governmental negotiations come to an end this September.
Part II of the 2015 edition of the Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific (theme study for the 71st Commission Session) examines the integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development as a concept and as a practical implementation principle.
The factsheet provides the core information about APTA at a glance. It presents brief explanation about the features, objectives, tariff concession exchange, institutional arrangements as well as the accession procedure of APTA in order to facilitate better understanding of APTA for the countries in this region.
The 2015 edition of the Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific highlights a key message that while policy focus on economic growth is necessary, it is not sufficient for achieving development. Policymakers in the region would need to internalize the aspects of inclusive growth and sustainable development into their domestic policy frameworks.
The analysis followed three previous studies carried out between 2012 and 2014 covering South & Southwest Asia, North & Central Asia, and Southeast Asia, for a total of 27 countries across the continent.
Women have made important contributions to the advancement in research and development. Despite an increase in the overall number of researchers over time in Asia and the Pacific, men have consistently outnumbered women. In addition, fewer women pursue science-related education than men. As the role of technology, science and innovation is emphasized in achieving the sustainable development goals beyond 2015, it is important to unlock the potential of women in these areas in order for them to make even greater contribution to the betterment of the humankind.