The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the Macroeconomic Policy and Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy.
Adequate infrastructure in the four key sectors of transport, telecommunications, energy and water considered in this study is a prerequisite for opening up access to global trade and investment flows, increasing the competitiveness of production and services and thus sustaining the region’s economic growth.
By Sachin Chaturvedi
Though trade liberalization in India was launched as early as 1991, major policy attention paid to trade facilitation is a rather recent phenomenon. The Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), a key government agency responsible for trade facilitation, has consolidated different initiatives in the past two years. The CBEC has accepted and implemented most of the key recommendations of Working
The roots of Free trade zones (FTZs) can be traced back to more than 2,000 years ago, today there are over 850 zones and the number continues to increase. Their main role can be summarized as: to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) to pay for the construction cost and salaries of its citizens to build and service business.
With the advent of globalisation and the movement of goods and services to the place of least cost, countries need to find ways of attracting new businesses whilst retaining existing clients.
This study is based on the application of the Maritime Policy Planning Models (MPPM) developed and maintained by the Transport and Tourism Division of ESCAP. Its objective is to provide a planning context for informed decision making by governments, shipping lines and port authorities in the ESCAP region. It does this by providing detailed, quantified and internally consistent forecasts of the maritime container trade and port throughputs in the ESCAP region through to the year 2015.