The purpose of this publication is to disseminate the findings of the report on “Older-age parents and the AIDS epidemic in Thailand:Changing impacts in the era of Antiretroviral Therapy” to assist policymakers addressing similar contextual environments to further understand the epidemic and its impact on elderly caregivers.
The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the Macroeconomic Policy and Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy.
Asia and the Pacific is a region vulnerable to natural hazards of almost every kind – from earthquakes to droughts, from floods to tsunamis. And with the prospect of climate change, the situation could become even more hazardous. The risks depend, however, not just on natural phenomena but also on the political, economic and social environment in which disaster events occur. This report considers ways of reducing vulnerability to disasters, building resilience and protecting hard-won development gains.
An efficient and secured border management is vital for conducting cross-border trade in a smooth and cost-effective way. This is particularly true for the landlocked developing countries which are far away from seaports. Many landlocked developing countries face myriad of problems in terms of border management. Unpredictable rules and regulations, cumbersome trade and customs procedures, excessive physical inspections, inadequate infrastructures and facilities, and lack of cooperation among border agencies within a country and between neighboring countries are common problems.
This discussion paper examines the provision of care for older people by linking various care at macro (national) and micro (individual or family) levels. This paper argues that these different levels are not mutually exclusive. On the one hand, products of macro level national policies, regulations and programmes must be compatible with the needs of target groups. Therefore, policy makers in particular, need to be well informed of what is really happening in people's lives at the micro level.
Asia was faced with a sudden and sharp crisis in 2008-2009, the proximate cause of which was reversals in foreign capital flows, not unlike the regional crisis a decade ago. How different has this boom and bust cycle of international capital flows been from the previous one? The paper examines the balance of payments dynamics in emerging Asia to understand the magnitude and types of private capital flows to and from the region between 1990 and 2008.
This special issue of the Bulletin is a collection of seven papers discussing various issues related to dry port development in a number of selected countries located in Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. Discussions of dry port development under different economic and political backgrounds will provide policymakers with a better understanding of the relevant issues under consideration.
This issue of Bulletin comprises of seven articles:
Article 1: Inland terminals within North American and European supply chains – by Theo Notteboom and Jean-Paul Rodrigue;
Road traffic accidents kill an estimated 1.3 million people and injure 50 million people per year globally, and global road fatalities are forecast to reach 1.9 million by 2020. It is estimated that the number of deaths from road accidents in Asia is about 700,000 per year, accounting for more than half of the world’s road fatalities even though Asia accounted for only 43 per cent of the global vehicle population in 2007. These numbers are very high compared to other parts of the world.
The subprime mortgage crisis erupted in the United States in mid-2007 and was then transformed into the global financial crisis after the failure of Lehman Brothers in September 2008. The total amount of write-downs of loans and securities by financial institutions for 2007-2010 is estimated to reach $1 trillion in the United States, $604 billion in the United Kingdom, and $814 billion in the Euro Area. By contrast, the Asia-Pacific region is expected to have write-downs of only $210 billion, suggesting the limited damages incurred on the banking sector.