Publications

Published Date: 
Tuesday, September 1, 2015
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

The use and exchange of electronic data and documents to support international trade transaction processes, otherwise known as Paperless Trade, is an important means of facilitating trade and one of the keys to reducing trade costs and enabling developing economies to more effectively use of trade as an engine of growth and sustainable development. A pioneering Global Survey on Trade Facilitation and Paperless Trade Implementation was conducted by the United Nations Regional Commissions (UNRCs)1 between September 2014 and May 2015 to provide more detailed cross-country information on the implementation of trade facilitation measures in general, and Single Window and other paperless trade measures in particular. Following an overview of the overall Survey findings, this brief reviews the Survey results specifically related to paperless and cross-border paperless trade implementation in Asia and the Pacific and discusses the way forward.

Published Date: 
Wednesday, August 5, 2015
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

This brief describes how TraceVerified has emerged to address the peculiar challenges of the aquaculture sector in Viet Nam, and aims to share relevant insights into implementing an electronic traceability system for policymakers in other countries.

Published Date: 
Tuesday, August 4, 2015
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

This Brief introduces India’s experience in implementing GrapeNet, an IT-enabled traceability system for the grape sector in India. The Brief describes how GrapeNet has emerged to address challenges of the sector in the country, approaches taken in its implementation and its major functions and services. The Brief also highlights the benefits and major success factors in the process of implementing
GrapeNet and concludes by outlining the further development of similar traceability systems for other agricultural products.

Published Date: 
Monday, August 3, 2015
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

This issue of the Trade Insights series provides analysis of the recently released United Nations Regional Commissions (UNRC) Global Trade Facilitation (TF) and Paperless Trade Implementation Survey 2015 for 44 economies and 5 sub-regions across the Asia-Pacific. The survey provides data on the implementation of 38 TF measures, including but not limited to those featured in the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (WTO TFA). The analysis of the implementation data collected reveals that the level of implementation of the ambitious set of TF measures considered in the UNRC Survey reaches almost 50%, indicating that the region has been actively engaged in implementing TF initiatives. However, implementation of TF remains very heterogeneous across the Asia-Pacific region, with Australia, Republic of Korea and Singapore achieving scores in excess of 85%, while other economies barely achieve 15% implementation. Whilst more than half of all 44 Asia-Pacific economies have at least partially implemented 80% of TFA-related measures included in the Survey, there is significant room for progress to further facilitate trade and reduce trade costs.

Published Date: 
Thursday, July 23, 2015
resource Type: 
Books
Abstract: 

Myanmar is emerging from decades of military rule, central planning and economic isolation as it implements political and economic reforms and, as a result, faces fewer international sanctions. The country has great potential for rapid development due to its vast natural resources, abundant labour force and geostrategic location. Capitalizing on these assets to achieve its goal requires well-implemented regulatory and institutional reform.

To assist in these efforts, ESCAP and OECD conducted a multi-dimensional policy review of Myanmar from the end of 2012 in coordination with the Government of Myanmar. During the policy review, the lack of information on the business conditions on the ground was found to be a serious impediment to the development of appropriate polices. To address this issue, ESCAP and OECD carried out a business survey jointly with the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI).

The information in this publication provides the much-needed perspective of businesses on the ground in Myanmar, the conditions they experience and the obstacles they face. The survey provides a rich dataset of more than 3,000 firms in all sectors and geographic regions to help in understanding the characteristics of firms on the ground, their business environment and the challenges they face. This publication explores the survey results in depth, in order to develop policies that address these challenges and promote private sector development in Myanmar. The survey results are discussed from various key perspectives of businesses in order to identify effective policy prescriptions. They include the business environment, market conditions, innovation, human resources, access to finance, productivity, corruption, agribusiness and food industries.

Published Date: 
Thursday, July 16, 2015
resource Type: 
Books
Abstract: 

This "Policy Guidance Manual on Wastewater Management With a Special Emphasis on Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Systems (DEWATS)" has been developed based on experience of the policy makers and in consultations with relevant stakeholders at country and regional level and was shared in its signal version to the regional workshop on Wastewater Management and Sanitation on 2-3 April 2015. It is presenting a set of policy recommendations developed during the implementation of the joint ESCAP-UN-Habitat-AIT project on “Strengthening capacity of policymakers in South-East Asia to promote policies and developing plans for improved wastewater treatment and reuse in urban and peri-urban areas,” to address wastewater and sanitation issues through promotion of DEWATS. Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Viet Nam have been selected to conduct national activities including policy studies, national workshops for capacity building and a pilot project. The Manual provides a step-by-step guide on development and implementation DEWATS in developing countries of the region with a set of financial schemes, market opportunities, investment and potential impacts. It is emphasizing the importance of the leading role of Governments in development of norms and policy frameworks and in operationalization of the practical tools to enable business cases. It also addressing the active roles of the communities and private sector in wastewater management and sanitation, with a special emphasis to promote DEWATS.

Published Date: 
Monday, July 13, 2015
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

The analysis followed two previous studies carried out between 2012 and 2014 covering North, Central, and South-East Asia, for a total of 25 countries across the continent.

The analyses of South and West Asian countries, as well as the ongoing analyses of markets across the entire continent, revealed an acute disparity between those countries with sufficiently developed markets and infrastructure, and those without. An examination of the “fuel” of the region’s information and communications technology (ICT) sector—international bandwidth—reveals that Asia’s regional bandwidth inequality is the most pronounced of any continent.

Published Date: 
Thursday, July 9, 2015
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

China has grown to become an economic powerhouse and engine of global demand. However, China’s projected GDP growth rates are now anticipated to remain below 7% per annum over the next five years. This issue of Trade Insights examines how the ‘new normal’ of lower economic growth in China will impact on the prospects for trade in the Asia-Pacific region. Compared to the hypothetical scenario that China’s economic growth returns to pre-crisis levels within the next five years (by 2019), forecasts show that China’s ‘new normal’ (7% p.a.) would lead to a slowdown in real total Asia-Pacific trade growth from 7.0% to 5.9% by 2019.

Published Date: 
Tuesday, July 7, 2015
resource Type: 
Journals
Abstract: 

The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the Macroeconomic Policy and Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).

The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy.

The development experience in the Asian and Pacific region has stood out as an extraordinary example of what can be achieved when policymakers, experts, scholars and people at large harness their creativity, knowledge and foresight. The APDJ has been a proud partner in this process, providing a scholarly means for bringing together research work by eminent social scientists and development practitioners from the region and beyond for use by a variety of stakeholders. Over the years, the Journal has emerged as a key United Nations publication in telling the Asian and Pacific development story in a concise, coherent and impartial manner to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy in the region.

Published Date: 
Wednesday, July 1, 2015
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

This brief reviews the evolution of customs reform in China that has led to E-Port, and aims to share relevant insights into the Chinese Single Window experience for policymakers in other countries.

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