This discussion paper "Climate finance in the Asia-Pacific: Trends and Innovative Approaches" was prepared for ESCAP by Ilaria Carrozza, PhD Candidate, Department of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK
The author would like to acknowledge ESCAP Environment and Development Division (Rae Kwon Chung, Aneta Nikolova, Riccardo Mesiano, Hala Razian, and with support from Yohan Hong). A peer review was conducted by Climate Policy Initiative (Mia Fitri and Leela Raina).
This discussion paper "Infrastructure Financing, Public-Private Partnerships, and Development in the Asia-Pacific Region" was prepared for ESCAP by Gilberto Llanto, Adoracion Navarro, Ma. Kristina Ortiz
Gilberto Llanto is President of the Philippines Institute of Development Studies; Adoracion Navarro is Officer-in-Charge of the Office of the Vice President; and Ma. Kristina Ortiz is Research Analyst
This regional report presents data on trade facilitation and paperless trade implementation from 44 economies in the Asia-Pacific region and covering 5 different sub-regions. Since 2012, ESCAP Secretariat has conducted an annual regional survey to systematically collect and analyze information on the implementation of trade facilitation measures in the region, in order to provide a basis for developing more relevant capacity building and technical assistance and to assist countries to design and prioritize their own trade facilitation implementation plans and strategies.
The Regional Trends Report on Energy for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific will further accelerate knowledge-sharing within the region by providing an additional platform for member States to share their experiences, through case studies, regarding the energy sector and its future development.
This study introduces a new dataset of bilateral value added trade costs for the goods and services sectors, based on a measure derived from the micro-founded gravity model and using data from the OECD-WTO TiVA database. This is the first study to calculate value added trade costs for a set of developed and developing economies, both for the goods and services sectors. Overall, we find that, in the goods sector and in absolute term, international trade costs calculated using value added data are lower than those calculated using gross trade and output data.
The paper uses the case of the waste sector to illustrate the co-benefits associated with certain typologies of climate change mitigation projects, provide suggestions for their quantification and monetization, and draw recommendations for the design of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), including the role of government.
The Working Paper Series on "Measuring Trade in Value Added: Concepts, Estimation and Analysis" aims to introduce the topic of Trade in Value Added (TiVA) and present the initial analysis of TiVA for selected regional ESCAP economies. The Paper introduces Global Value Chains (GVCs) and issues for the measurement of trade statistics due to the advent of GVCs. It further presents the TiVA estimation methodology, as defined in the literature, and talks about the data requirements for estimation.
The end of 2015 is the target date for the Millennium Development Goals. Governments across Asia and the Pacific have been striving to meet the Goals, particularly on reducing income poverty. Some subregions and countries have made faster progress than others, but it is clear that the MDGs have prompted high levels of commitment and achievement.
This working paper introduces the concept of Trade in Value Added (TiVA) and presents an initial analysis of TiVA for selected regional ESCAP economies. The paper introduces Global Value Chains (GVCs) and issues for the measurement of trade statistics due to proliferation of GVCs. It further presents the TiVA estimation methodology, as defined in the literature, and provides an overview of the data requirements for estimation. The paper reviews current initiatives on regional / international input-output tables (IOTs) and TiVA analysis, and availability of data in the Asia-Pacific region.